θώραξ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Technical word without etymology; probably a loan. Compared to, but unrelated to Latin firmus, Sanskrit धारका (dhārakā, container) (see Pokorny 252[1]), but also compared with Latin lōrīca (breastplate). Most probably a Pre-Greek substrate loan. Furnée points to θύραξ (thúrax), which would point to a Pre-Greek origin. The variation ω/υ and the suffix -ᾱκ- indicates a substrate origin of this word. See also Mycenaean Greek 𐀵𐀨𐀐 (to-ra-ke).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

θώρᾱξ (thṓrāxm (genitive θώρᾱκος); third declension

  1. corselet
  2. linen jerkin
  3. coat of mail, cuirass
  4. slough of a serpent
    Synonyms: λεβηρίς (lebērís), σῦφαρ (sûphar)
  5. (anatomy) trunk, thorax
  6. bandage for the chest

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, 1959, page 252-255

Further reading[edit]