From Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁(y)-. Cognates include Latin fēmina, fētus, fīlius; Sanskrit धयति (dhayati); Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬎 (daēnu); Old Armenian դիեմ (diem); and Old Church Slavonic доити (doiti).
θῆλῠς • (thêlus) m (feminine θήλειᾰ, neuter θῆλῠ); first/third declension
- thḗleia theós
- female god (i.e. goddess)
460 BCE – 420 BCE
, Histories 3.66.2
- Καμβύσεα τὸν Κύρου, […] ἄπαιδα τὸ παράπαν ἐόντα ἔρσενος καὶ θήλεος γόνου
- […] Cambyses son of Cyrus, who […] was altogether childless, without male or female issue.
- of or belonging to women, womanly, feminine
800 BCE – 600 BCE
- ὥς τέ με κουράων ἀμφήλυθε θῆλυς ἀϋτή
- There rang in my ears a womanly cry, as of maidens.
- soft, gentle
800 BCE – 600 BCE
- μή μ᾽ ἄμυδις στίβη τε κακὴ καὶ θῆλυς ἐέρση
- I fear that together the bitter frost and the gentle dew may overcome me.
- tender, delicate
, Medea 928
- γυνὴ δὲ θῆλυ κἀπὶ δακρύοις ἔφυ
- But a woman is by nature delicate and prone to tears.
- female having an internal socket, into which another part fits
- (grammar) feminine
- (mathematics) even
- (astrology) negative or feminine sign (one of Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, or Pisces)
This is one of the two non-compounded adjectives in -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ, along with ἥμισυς (hḗmisus), that have a recessive accent. See also ἐλαχύς (elakhús), λιγύς (ligús).
Terms derived from θῆλυς (thêlus)
- θῆλυς in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- θῆλυς in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
- θῆλυς in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
- «θῆλυς» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
- Bauer, Walter et al. (2001) A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, Third edition, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
- «θῆλυς» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
- θῆλυς in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
- “G2338”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.