θῆλυς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁(y)-. Cognates include Latin fēmina, fētus, fīlius; Sanskrit धयति (dhayati); Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬎 (daēnu); Old Armenian դիեմ (diem); and Old Church Slavonic доити (doiti).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /tʰɛ̂ː.lys/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈtʰe.lys/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈθi.lys/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈθi.lys/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈθi.lis/
  • Adjective[edit]

    θῆλῠς (thêlusm (feminine θήλειᾰ, neuter θῆλῠ); first/third declension

    1. female
      θήλεια θεός
      thḗleia theós
      female god (i.e. goddess)
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 3.66.2
        Καμβύσεα τὸν Κύρου, [] ἄπαιδα τὸ παράπαν ἐόντα ἔρσενος καὶ θήλεος γόνου
        Kambúsea tòn Kúrou, [] ápaida tò parápan eónta érsenos kaì thḗleos gónou
        [] Cambyses son of Cyrus, who [] was altogether childless, without male or female issue.
    2. of or belonging to women, womanly, feminine
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 6.122
        ὥς τέ με κουράων ἀμφήλυθε θῆλυς ἀϋτή
        hṓs té me kouráōn amphḗluthe thêlus aütḗ
        There rang in my ears a womanly cry, as of maidens.
    3. soft, gentle
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 5.467
        μή μ’ ἄμυδις στίβη τε κακὴ καὶ θῆλυς ἐέρση
        mḗ m’ ámudis stíbē te kakḕ kaì thêlus eérsē
        I fear that together the bitter frost and the gentle dew may overcome me.
    4. tender, delicate
      • 431 BCE, Euripides, Medea 928
        γυνὴ δὲ θῆλυ κἀπὶ δακρύοις ἔφυ
        gunḕ dè thêlu kapì dakrúois éphu
        But a woman is by nature delicate and prone to tears.
    5. female having an internal socket, into which another part fits
    6. (grammar) feminine
    7. (mathematics) even
    8. (astrology) negative or feminine sign (one of Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, or Pisces)

    Inflection[edit]

    This is one of the two non-compounded adjectives in -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ, along with ἥμισυς (hḗmisus), that have a recessive accent. See also ἐλαχύς (elakhús), λιγύς (ligús).

    Antonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]