θῆλυς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁(y)-. Cognates include Sanskrit धयति ‎(dhayati), Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬎 ‎(daēnu), Old Armenian դիեմ ‎(diem) and Old Church Slavonic доити ‎(doiti).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

θῆλῠς ‎(thêlusm, θήλειᾰ f, θῆλῠ n; first/third declension

  1. female
    θήλεια θεός
    thḗleia theós
    female god (i.e. goddess)
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 3.66.2
      Καμβύσεα τὸν Κύρου, [...] ἄπαιδα τὸ παράπαν ἐόντα ἔρσενος καὶ θήλεος γόνου
      [...] Cambyses son of Cyrus, who [...] was altogether childless, without male or female issue.
  2. of or belonging to women, womanly, feminine
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 6.122
      ὥς τέ με κουράων ἀμφήλυθε θῆλυς ἀϋτή
      There rang in my ears a womanly cry, as of maidens.
  3. soft, gentle
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 5.467
      μή μ᾽ ἄμυδις στίβη τε κακὴ καὶ θῆλυς ἐέρση
      I fear that together the bitter frost and the gentle dew may overcome me.
  4. tender, delicate
    • 431 BCE, Euripides, Medea 928
      γυνὴ δὲ θῆλυ κἀπὶ δακρύοις ἔφυ
      But a woman is by nature delicate and prone to tears.
  5. female having an internal socket, into which another part fits
  6. (grammar) feminine
  7. (mathematics) even
  8. (astrology) negative or feminine sign (one of Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, or Pisces)

Inflection[edit]

This is one of the two non-compounded adjectives in -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ, along with ἥμισυς ‎(hḗmisus), that have a recessive accent. See also ἐλαχύς ‎(elakhús), λιγύς ‎(ligús).

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

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