καμάρα

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See also: κάμαρα

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Old Iranian borrowing: compare Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬨𐬀𐬭𐬁(kamarā, girdle), Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (kml /kamar/, waist; belt, girdle), Manichaean Middle Persian 𐫞𐫖𐫡‎(qmr‎ /kamar/, vault), Persian کمر(kamar, waist; belt, girdle; arch, cupola, dome, arched bridge) and the Old Armenian loanword կամար (kamar, girdle; arch, vault).[1][2][3][4] Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂em- (to bend, curve). The Hesychian gloss καμαρίς (kamarís, woman's ornament) is also from Iranian.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

κᾰμᾰ́ρᾱ (kamárāf (genitive κᾰμᾰ́ρᾱς); first declension

  1. Anything with an arched cover such as a covered carriage or boat, a vaulted chamber; vault, span.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: καμάρα (kamára)
  • Arabic: كَمَرَة(kamara)
  • Latin: camara, camera (see there for further descendants)
  • Italian: Cammarata

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lagarde, Paul de (1877) Armenische Studien (in German), Göttingen: Dieterich, page 73
  2. ^ Fick A. (1909), “Hesychglossen VI”, in Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung[1], volume 43, pages 137–138
  3. ^ Hemmerdinger, Bertrand (1971), “173 noms communs grecs d'origine iranienne”, in Byzantinoslavica, volume 32, page 54
  4. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “kemer”, in Nişanyan Sözlük.