καταλύω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From κατα- (kata-) +‎ λύω (lúō).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

καταλύω (katalúō)

  1. sense: loosen, unbind
    1. (for animals) I unyoke, I unharness
      ἄλλ' εἴπ', ἤ σφωιν καταλύσομεν ὠκέας ἵππους (Homer, Od., 4.28)
      but, tell us, shall we unharness their fast horses?
    2. I take down something hung or someone hanged
      Τῶν ἀπαγχομένων καὶ καταλυομένων͵ μηδέπω δὲ τεθνηκότων ... (Hippocrates, Aphorismoi)
      about those who were hanged and taken down but have not died
  2. sense: destroy
    1. I destroy
      καὶ τὴν ὑμετέραν καταλῦσαι δύναμιν (Isocrates, De bigis, 40.8-9)
      to destroy our (city's) might
    2. I abolish, I do away with
      Αὐτοὶ γὰρ ἡμεῖς δὶς ἤδη τὴν δημοκρατίαν ἐπείδομεν καταλυθεῖσαν καὶ δὶς τῆς ἐλευθερίας ἀπεστερήθημεν (Isocrates, In Lochitem, 10.2-4)
      twice we ourselves have already seen our democracy abolished and twice we have lost our freedom
    3. I deprive someone of their authority
      τοὺς τυράννους καταλύσας͵ καὶ τοὺς βαρβάρους καταπολεμήσας (Plutarchus, Timoleon, 39.5)
      having overthrown the tyrants and fought the barbarians
    4. I put an end to something
      καταλῦσαι τὸν βίον (to die)
  3. I stay somewhere for one night, I find a lodgement
    (Θεμιστοκλῆς) ἀναγκάζεται κατά τι ἄπορον παρὰ Ἄδμητον τὸν Μολοσσῶν βασιλέα ὄντα αὐτῷ οὐ φίλον καταλῦσαι (Thucydides Hist., 1.136)
    (Themistocles) being in a difficult position had to seek shelter from Admetos, the king of Molossi, though the latter was not a friend of his

Inflection[edit]

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned, from Ancient Greek καταλύω (katalúō). Morphologically, from κατα- (fully) +‎ λύω (unbind, loosen).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kataˈlio/
  • Hyphenation: κα‧τα‧λύ‧ω

Verb[edit]

καταλύω (katalýo) (past κατέλυσα, passive καταλύομαι)

  1. abolish, break down
  2. stay (usually for one night)
  3. (chemistry) catalyse
  4. (religion) break one's fast (resume normal diet after fasting)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]