κύριος

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See also: Κύριος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From κῦρος (kûros, supremacy) +‎ -ιος (-ios, adjective suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱewH- (to swell, spread out, be strong, prevail). Cognate with κύω (kúō), Latin cumulus, cavus.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ky̌ː.ri.os/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈky.ri.os/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈky.ri.os/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈcy.ri.os/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈci.ri.os/
  • Adjective[edit]

    κῡ́ρῐος (kū́riosm (feminine κῡρῐ́ᾱ, neuter κῡ́ρῐον); first/second declension

    1. (of people): ruling, governing, having power
    2. (of things): decisive, critical, authorized, valid, legal, entitled
    3. (of times): fixed, set, appointed
    4. (of language): literal
    5. main, major, primary, principal

    Declension[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    κῡ́ριος (kū́riosm (genitive κῡρίου); second declension

    1. lord, master, guardian, ruler, owner
    2. sir
    3. Greek translation of the Tetragrammaton in the Septuagint: God, the almighty and omniscient Lord

    (in Latin: Dominus, Kyrios).

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek κύριος (kúrios).

    Noun[edit]

    κύριος (kýriosm (plural κύριοι)

    1. mister (title conferred on an adult male)
    2. master (someone who has control over something or someone)
    3. sir (an address to any male)

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (abbreviation) κ. (k.)
    • (abbreviation) κος (kos)

    Related terms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    κύριος (kýriosm (feminine κύρια, neuter κύριο)

    1. main, principal, most important

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]