κῦδος

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See also: κύδος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewh₁- (to perceive, pay attention). Cognate with κοέω (koéō), Latin caveō, Sanskrit कवि (kaví, wise, poet, seer, sage), Lithuanian kavoti (safeguard, tend), Old Armenian ցուցանեմ (cʿucʿanem, I show), Polish cześć (glory) and cud (miracle)

However, Beekes follows Benveniste that the meaning of the word is “force rayonnante des dieux ou celle qu'ils confèrent” and calls the connection with κοέω (koéō) ‘gratuitous’, as this has no root-final -d. Also the Slavic connotation of “sorcery, magic” (as in Proto-Slavic *čudo) points to a Proto-Indo-European root *kewd-s- (miraculous power). At this point enters the semantically attractive Greek verb κύω (kúō) or rather its PIE root *ḱewh₁- (to swell), whence also κῦμα (kûma) and κῦρος (kûros), Sanskrit शवस् (śávas, strength, power), Proto-Iranian *cwáHdaH (army) and Proto-Celtic *kawaros (hero). One could also think of the κυδώνια (μᾶλα) (kudṓnia (mâla), quinces) and the Cretan toponym Κυδωνία (Kudōnía); mark the verb κυδωνιάω (kudōniáō, to swell like quinces).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

κῦδος (kûdosn (genitive κῡ́δεος); third declension (Epic)

  1. renown, glory

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: kudos

References[edit]