μάγος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Persian 𐎶𐎦𐏁 (m-gu-š /maguš/).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

μάγος (mágosm or f (neuter μάγον); second declension

  1. magical

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Latin: magus

Noun[edit]

μάγος (mágosm (genitive μάγου); second declension

  1. (common, nonspecific) magician, and derogatorily sorcerer, trickster, conjurer, charlatan
  2. (common, specific) a Zoroastrian priest. Compare e.g. Herodotus Hist. 1.132f, Xenophon Cyropedia 8.3.11, Porphyry Life of Pythagoras 12, Heraclitus apud Clemens Protrepticus 12, etc.
  3. (hapax) name of one of the tribes of the Medes. This usage is only attested once; Herodotus Histories 1.101.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Meanings #1 and #2 overlap in classical usage— both derive from the Greek (and generally Hellenistic) identification of "Zoroaster" as the "inventor" of astrology and magic. The first meaning ('magician') derives from the sense of "practitioner of the Zoroaster's craft", and the second meaning ('priest') from the sense of "practitioner of Zoroaster's religion".
  • Meanings #2 and #3 were frequently conflated as one in 18th/19th/early 20th-century usage, giving "name of a Median priestly tribe" or similar. This combined meaning is no longer used in current scholarship.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek μάγος (mágos)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.ɣos/, [ˈmɐ.ɣo̞s̠]

Noun[edit]

μάγος (mágosm (plural μάγοι, feminine μάγισσα)

  1. magician
  2. wizard, sorcerer

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kent, Roland G. (1950) Old Persian: grammar, texts, lexicon, New Haven: American Oriental Society
  2. ^ Tolman, Herbert Cushing (1908) , “magu”, in Ancient Persian lexicon and the texts of the Achaemenidan inscriptions transliterated and translated with special reference to their recent re-examination (Vanderbilt Oriental Series; 6), New York/Cincinnati/Chicago: American Book Company, pages 115-116