μέγας

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From conflation of Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s (great) with its derivative *meǵh₂los (great). Cognates include Sanskrit मह (mahá, great, mighty, strong, abundant), Middle Persian ms (meh, great) (< *mas), (Persian مه (mih)), Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬰- (maz-, large), Tocharian B māka (large), Hittite [script needed] (mēkkis, much, many, numerous), Old Armenian մեծ (mec), Old Irish maige (great, large), Albanian madh (large), Latin magnus and Old English micel (English much).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /mé.ɡas/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈmɛ.ɡas/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈme.ɣas/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈme.ɣas/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈme.ɣas/
  • Adjective[edit]

    μέγᾰς (mégasm (feminine μεγάλη, neuter μέγᾰ); first/second declension

    1. big, large
    2. great, mighty, loud
    3. marvelous, awesome

    Inflection[edit]

    References[edit]