μέλας

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See also: μελάς and Μέλας

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *melh₂-. Cognates include Sanskrit मल (mala, dirt, filth, dust), Latvian melns, and Old Prussian melne.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

μέλᾱς (mélāsm, μέλαινᾰ f, μέλᾰν n; first/third declension

  1. dark, black
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 5.262
      ἐν δέ οἱ ἀσκὸν ἔθηκε θεὰ μέλανος οἴνοιο
      [On the raft] the goddess put a skin of dark wine.
  2. (figuratively) evil, black, dark
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.834
      τὼ δέ οἱ οὔ τι πειθέσθην: κῆρες γὰρ ἄγον μέλανος θανάτοιο
      But the twain would in no wise hearken, for the fates of black death were leading them on.
  3. (figuratively) dark, obscure
  4. (of the voice) indistinct
  5. (medicine) causing black secretions

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