μῦθος

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See also: μύθος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Frisk of onomatopoeic origin, from μῡ (). According to Beekes there are no plausible comparanda and the word is Pre-Greek. Others compare it to Proto-Slavic *myslь (idea, thought), as if via Proto-Indo-European *muHdʰ-. Ernštedt (1953: 55-57) argue that it derived from Egyptian mdt (word, speech, affair). If so, a cognate to Coptic ⲙⲟⲩⲧⲉ (moute).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /mŷː.tʰos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈmy.tʰos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈmy.θos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈmy.θos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈmi.θos/
  • Noun[edit]

    μῦθος (mûthosm (genitive μῡ́θου); second declension

    1. something said: word, speech, conversation
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 11.561
        ἀλλ' ἄγε δεῦρο, ἄναξ, ἵν' ἔπος καὶ μῦθον ἀκούσῃς
        all' áge deûro, ánax, hín' épos kaì mûthon akoúsēis
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.777
        μῦθον, ὃ δὴ καὶ πᾶσιν ἐνὶ φρεσὶν ἤραρεν ἥμιν.
        mûthon, hò dḕ kaì pâsin enì phresìn ḗraren hḗmin.
      1. public speech
      2. (mostly in plural) talk, conversation
      3. advice, counsel, command, order, promise
        • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 5.493
          Ὣς φάτο Σαρπηδών, δάκε δὲ φρένας Ἕκτορι μῦθος·
          Hṑs pháto Sarpēdṓn, dáke dè phrénas Héktori mûthos;
        • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 7.358
          οἶσθα καὶ ἄλλον μῦθον ἀμείνονα τοῦδε νοῆσαι.
          oîstha kaì állon mûthon ameínona toûde noêsai.
      4. the subject of a speech or talk
      5. a resolve, purpose, design, plan
      6. saying, proverb
      7. the talk of men, rumor, report, message
    2. tale, story, narrative,
      1. tale, legend, myth
        1. (in Attic prose) a legend of the early Greek times, before the dawn of history
      2. a professed work of fiction, fable, such as those of Aesop
      3. the plot of a tragedy

    Usage notes[edit]

    The scholia on the Odyssey 21.71 says that μῦθος (mûthos) is Aeolic for μόθος (móthos), but compare μυθιήτης (muthiḗtēs). It is used there in the significance of "resolve, purpose."

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