ξηρός

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kseros. Cognates include Latin serescō, Old High German serawēn, Old Armenian չոր ‎(čʿor), Middle Armenian չիր ‎(čʿir) and perhaps Sanskrit क्षार ‎(kṣārá, sharp, acrid, pungent). However, the lengthened vowel η where ε would normally be expected is problematic.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

ξηρός ‎(xērósm ‎(feminine ξηρά, neuter ξηρόν); first/second declension

  1. dry
  2. The effects of being without water: parched, withered
  3. By extension: shrunken, paralyzed, lean
  4. (voice) rough, hoarse
  5. fasting

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ξηρός ‎(xirósm ‎(feminine ξηρή or ξηρά, neuter ξηρό)

  1. (literary) dry, dried, arid
    το κλίμα είναι πολύ ξηρό (the climate is very dry)
  2. (literary) dry, not sweet
    ξηρός οίνος (dry wine)
    ξηρό κρασί (dry wine)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The use of this form is restricted to special terms, such as those listed below under "Derived terms".

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

see: ξερός ‎(xerós)

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Alternative form cannot be used in all senses