ξηρός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kseros. Cognates include Latin serescō, Old High German serawēn, Old Armenian չոր (čʿor), Middle Armenian չիր (čʿir) and perhaps Sanskrit क्षार (kṣārá, sharp, acrid, pungent). However, the lengthened vowel η where ε would normally be expected is problematic.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ksɛː.rós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /kseˈros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ksiˈros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ksiˈros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ksiˈros/
  • Adjective[edit]

    ξηρός (xērósm (feminine ξηρᾱ́, neuter ξηρόν); first/second declension

    1. dry
    2. The effects of being without water: parched, withered
    3. By extension: shrunken, paralyzed, lean
    4. (voice) rough, hoarse
    5. fasting

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    ξηρός (xirósm (feminine ξηρή or ξηρά, neuter ξηρό)

    1. (literary) dry, dried, arid
      το κλίμα είναι πολύ ξηρόto klíma eínai polý xiróthe climate is very dry
    2. (literary) dry, not sweet
      ξηρός οίνοςxirós oínosdry wine

    Usage notes[edit]

    The use of this form is restricted to special terms, such as those listed below:

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]