ξηρός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kseros. Cognates include Latin serescō, Old High German serawēn, Old Armenian չոր (čʿor), Middle Armenian չիր (čʿir) and perhaps Sanskrit क्षार (kṣārá, sharp, acrid, pungent). However, the lengthened vowel η where ε would normally be expected is problematic.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

ξηρός (xērósm (feminine ξηρᾱ́, neuter ξηρόν); first/second declension

  1. dry
    Synonym: αὖος (aûos)
  2. The effects of being without water: parched, withered
  3. By extension: shrunken, paralyzed, lean
  4. (voice) rough, hoarse
  5. fasting

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ξηρός (xirósm (feminine ξηρή or ξηρά, neuter ξηρό)

  1. (literary) dry, dried, arid
    το κλίμα είναι πολύ ξηρό
    to klíma eínai polý xiró
    the climate is very dry
  2. (literary) dry, not sweet
    ξηρός οίνοςxirós oínosdry wine

Usage notes[edit]

The use of this form is restricted to special terms, such as those listed below:

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]