ξηρός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kseros. Cognates include Latin serescō, Old High German serawēn, Old Armenian չոր(čʿor), Middle Armenian չիր(čʿir) and perhaps Sanskrit क्षार(kṣārá, sharp, acrid, pungent). However, the lengthened vowel η where ε would normally be expected is problematic.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

ξηρός ‎(xērósm ‎(feminine ξηρά, neuter ξηρόν); first/second declension

  1. dry
  2. The effects of being without water: parched, withered
  3. By extension: shrunken, paralyzed, lean
  4. (voice) rough, hoarse
  5. fasting

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ξηρός ‎(xirósm ‎(feminine ξηρή or ξηρά, neuter ξηρό)

  1. (literary) dry, dried, arid
    το κλίμα είναι πολύ ξηρό‎ ― to klíma eínai polý xiró ― the climate is very dry
  2. (literary) dry, not sweet
    ξηρός οίνος‎ ― xirós oínos ― dry wine

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The use of this form is restricted to special terms, such as those listed below:

Synonyms[edit]