οἶκος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ϝοῖκος (woîkos), from Proto-Indo-European *weyḱ-. Cognates include Latin vīcus, whence English wick (village); Sanskrit विश् (viś) and वेश (veśa); and Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌷𐍃 (weihs).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ói̯.kos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈy.kos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈy.kos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈy.kos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈi.kos/
  • Noun[edit]

    οἶκος (oîkosm (genitive οἴκου); second declension

    1. house or dwelling place
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 24.471
        γέρων δ’ ἰθὺς κίεν οἴκου
        gérōn d’ ithùs kíen oíkou
        but the old man went straight toward the house
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 23.7
        ἦλθ’ Ὀδυσεὺς καὶ οἶκον ἱκάνεται
        êlth’ Oduseùs kaì oîkon hikánetai
        Odysseus is here, and has come home
      1. room, chamber
        • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.356
          ἀλλ’ εἰς οἶκον ἰοῦσα τὰ σ’ αὐτῆς ἔργα κόμιζε
          all’ eis oîkon ioûsa tà s’ autês érga kómize
          But go to thy chamber, and busy thyself with thine own tasks
      2. meeting house, hall; monument
      1. birdcage
      2. (astrology) domicile of a planet
    2. estate, inheritance
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 2.64
        οὐδ’ ἔτι καλῶς οἶκος ἐμὸς διόλωλε
        oud’ éti kalôs oîkos emòs diólōle
        and past all that is seemly has my estate been destroyed
    3. reigning house or family
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 5.31.4
        σὺ ἐς οἶκον τὸν βασιλέος ἐξηγητὴς γίνεαι πρηγμάτων ἀγαθῶν
        sù es oîkon tòn basiléos exēgētḕs gíneai prēgmátōn agathôn
        This plan which you set forth is profitable for the king's house

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