οἶστρος

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See also: οίστρος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁eys-, used to form words denoting passion; see also Latin ira (anger), Lithuanian aistra (violent passion), Avestan 𐬀𐬉𐬴𐬨𐬀 (aēṣ̌ma, anger).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ói̯s.tros/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈys.tros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈys.tros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈys.tros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈis.tros/
  • Noun[edit]

    οἶστρος (oîstrosm (genitive οἴστρου); second declension

    1. gadfly, breese
      1. an insect which infests tuna
      2. a small insectivorous bird, perhaps the willow warbler
    2. (figuratively) a sting, anything that drives mad
      1. (absolute) the smart of pain, agony
      2. any vehement desire, mad desire, insane passion
      3. madness, frenzy
        • Sopocles, Antigone 1002

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]