πείθω

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See also: πειθώ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰeydʰ-. Cognates include Latin fīdō and Proto-Germanic *bīdaną, from which Old English bīdan (English bide).

Stems πειθ-, πιθ- with vowel shift,[1] and ποιθ- (poith-) with ablaut.[2] Derivatives from all stems, with π(ε)ιθ-τ- > π(ε)ιστ-, πειθ-μ- > πεισμ-.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

πείθω (peíthō)

  1. (active)
    1. I convince, persuade
    2. I succeed through entreaty
    3. I mislead
      1. I bribe
      2. I tempt
  2. (in the mediopassive, πείθομαι, and Epic future, πῐθήσω, with dative)
    1. I obey, yield to
    2. I believe, trust in
  3. (second perfect active, πέποιθᾰ, with passive sense) I trust, rely on (with dative of person or thing)
  4. (perfect passive, πέπεισμαι, post-Epic) I believe, trust (with dative)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ vowel shift: in Greek: μετάπτωσις (metáptōsis)
  2. ^ ablaut, apophony: in Greek: ἑταιροίωσις (hetairoíōsis)
  3. ^ Dental (θ) before dental (τ) or /m/ becomes /s/.

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πείθω (peíthō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpiθo/
  • Hyphenation: πεί‧θω
  • Homophone: πίθο (pítho) (accusative sing. of masc. noun "ο πίθος")

Verb[edit]

πείθω (peítho) active (simple past έπεισα, passive πείθομαι )

  1. persuade, convince, induce

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

From stem πειθ- (also πεισ-) [1]

From stem πιθ- (also πισ-) [1]

From stem ποιθ-

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Dental (θ) before dental (τ) or /m/ becomes /s/.