πείθω

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See also: πειθώ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰeydʰ-. Cognates include Latin fīdō and Proto-Germanic *bīdaną, from which Old English bīdan (English bide).

Stems πειθ-, πιθ- with vowel shift,[1] and ποιθ- (poith-) with ablaut.[2] Derivatives from all stems, with π(ε)ιθ-τ- > π(ε)ιστ-, πειθ-μ- > πεισμ-.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /pěː.tʰɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpi.tʰo/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈpi.θo/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈpi.θo/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈpi.θo/
  • Verb[edit]

    πείθω (peíthō)

    1. (active)
      1. I convince, persuade
      2. I succeed through entreaty
      3. I mislead
        1. I bribe
        2. I tempt
    2. (in the mediopassive, πείθομαι, and Epic future, πῐθήσω, with dative)
      1. I obey, yield to
      2. I believe, trust in
    3. (second perfect active, πέποιθᾰ, with passive sense) I trust, rely on (with dative of person or thing)
    4. (perfect passive, πέπεισμαι, post-Epic) I believe, trust (with dative)

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ vowel shift: in Greek: μετάπτωσις (metáptōsis)
    2. ^ ablaut, apophony: in Greek: ἑταιροίωσις (hetairoíōsis)
    3. ^ Dental (θ) before dental (τ) or /m/ becomes /s/.

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek πείθω (peíthō).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): /ˈpiθo/
    • Hyphenation: πεί‧θω
    • Homophone: πίθο (pítho) (accusative sing. of masc. noun "ο πίθος")

    Verb[edit]

    πείθω (peítho) active (simple past έπεισα, passive πείθομαι)

    1. persuade, convince, induce

    Conjugation[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    From stem πειθ- (also πεισ-) [1]

    From stem πιθ- (also πισ-) [1]

    From stem ποιθ-

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 Dental (θ) before dental (τ) or /m/ becomes /s/.