προφήτης

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From προ- (pro-, before) +‎ φημί (phēmí, I say) +‎ -της (-tēs, -er, masculine agent-noun suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

προφήτης (prophḗtēsm (genitive προφήτου); first declension

  1. one who speaks for and interprets the will of a god: prophet, seer
    • 458 BCE, Aeschylus, The Eumenides 19
      Διὸς προφήτης δ᾽ ἐστὶ Λοξίας πατρός
      Diòs prophḗtēs d estì Loxías patrós
      But Loxias is the spokesman of Zeus, his father.
  2. one of the keepers of the oracle at Branchidae
  3. priest at an Egyptian temple
  4. one who interprets the ravings of an μάντις (mántis, oracle)
    • 360 BCE, Plato, Timaeus 72a
      ὅθεν δὴ καὶ τὸ τῶν προφητῶν γένος ἐπὶ ταῖς ἐνθέοις μαντείαις κριτὰς ἐπικαθιστάναι νόμος
      hóthen dḕ kaì tò tôn prophētôn génos epì taîs enthéois manteíais kritàs epikathistánai nómos
      Wherefore also it is customary to set the tribe of prophets to pass judgement upon these inspired divinations.
  5. interpreter, proclaimer
    • 405 BCE, Euripides, The Bacchae 211
      ἐπεὶ σὺ φέγγος, Τειρεσία, τόδ᾽ οὐχ ὁρᾷς, ἐγὼ προφήτης σοι λόγων γενήσομαι
      epeì sù phéngos, Teiresía, tód oukh horâis, egṑ prophḗtēs soi lógōn genḗsomai
      Since you do not see this light, Teiresias, I will be your interpreter.
  6. (Christianity) prophet
    • New Testament, First Epistle to the Corinthians 14:32
      καὶ πνεύματα προφητῶν προφήταις ὑποτάσσεται
      kaì pneúmata prophētôn prophḗtais hupotássetai
      The spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.
  7. herbalist
    • Ps.-Dsc. 1.10

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek προφήτης (prophḗtēs).

Noun[edit]

προφήτης (profítism (plural προφήτες)

  1. prophet

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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