πρόξενος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

πρό (pró, before) +‎ ξένος (xénos, strange, foreigner)

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

πρόξενος (próxenosm, f (genitive προξένου); second declension

  1. a public foreigner, public guest or friend, made so by an act of the state
    1. in ancient inscriptions the πρόξενος (próxenos) seems to be a public officer who had to do with registration of wills
  2. a patron, protector
    1. (as adjective) assisting, relieving

Usage notes[edit]

The word expressed the same relation between a State and an individual of another State, that ξένος (xénos) expressed between individuals of different States;, (but the relation between two States was also expressed by ξενία (xenía) (Hdt. 6.21). In time this relation assumed a formal, diplomatic character, and the πρόξενος (próxenos) enjoyed his privileges under the condition of entertaining and assisting the ambassadors and citizens of the State which he represented, so that the πρόξενοι (próxenoi) answered pretty nearly to our Consuls, Agents, Residents, though the πρόξενος (próxenos) was always a member of the foreign State. The office was at first probably self-chosen (compare ἐθελοπρόξενος Thuc. 3. 70), but soon became matter of appointment : the πρόξενος (próxenos) was bound so to identify himself with the people he represented, that their country became to him a second country. Plat. Legg. 642 B. At Athens and in other Greek States, every State chose its own πρόξενος (próxenos); at Sparta the πρόξενοι (próxenoi) were appointed by the Kings (Hdt. 6. 57) or by the People (C. I. 1335, Diog. L. 2. 51). As examples of Athenian πρόξενοι (próxenoi) in foreign states, we find Pindar at Thebes, Thucydides at Pharsalus, Doxander at Mytilene, Isocr. Antid. § 179 = 166, Thuc. 8. 92, Arist. Pol. 5. 4, 6 ; compare Thuc. 2. 29., 3. 2, Aeschin. 90. 23, etc. ; as Spartan πρόξενοι (próxenoi) at Athens, Cimon, Alcibiades and Callias, Andoc. 23. 43, Thuc. 5. 43., 6. 89, Xen. Hell. 5. 4, 22 ; so, at Athens, Nicias was πρόξενος (próxenos) of Syracuse, Diod. 13. 27; Demosthenes and Thraso of Thebes, Aeschin. 46. 42 sq., 73. 20 ; at Sparta, Lichas was πρόξενος (próxenos) of Argos, Thuc. 5. 76; Pharax of Boeotia, Xen. Hell. 4. 5, 6 ; Clearchus of Byzantium, lb. i. 1, 35 ; Polydamas of Thessaly, lb. 6. 1, 4. Tyrants also and barbarian States had their πρόξενοι (próxenoi), compare Id. An. 5. 4, 2., 5. 6, 11. At Delphi there seems to have been a set of official πρόξενοι (próxenoi), not attached to any special states, Eur. Ion 551, 1039, Andr. 1103; compare the Δελφοὶ ξεναγέται (Delphoì xenagétai) of Pind. N. 7. 63. The προξενία (proxenía) sometimes was exercised by whole families and became an hereditary office, Thuc. 3. 2 and 85., 5. 43, Xen. Symp. 8, 39. The Athenian πρόξενοι (próxenoi) had (as we know) special privileges when they visited Athens, such as ἰσοτέλεια (isotéleia), προεδρία (proedría), etc., Dem. 475. 10, Dinarch. 95. fin.—On their duties, v. Dem. 1237. 17, compare Herm. Pol. Ant. § n6. 4, Ulrich de Proxenia (Berl. 1832), Meier de Pr. (Hal. 1843).

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

προ- (pro-, for) +‎ ξένος (xénos, stranger)

Noun[edit]

πρόξενος (próxenosm, f (plural πρόξενοι)

  1. (diplomacy) consul
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek προξενῶ (proxenô)

Noun[edit]

πρόξενος (próxenosm, f (plural πρόξενοι)

  1. cause
Declension[edit]