σάκος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *twek- (shield, skin; to cover). Cognate with Sanskrit त्वच् (tvac, hide, bag), Hittite [script needed] (tuekkaš, body).

Alternatively, Beekes suggests a Semitic origin, from the same root as σάκκος (sákkos, sack).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /sá.kos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈsa.kos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈsa.kos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈsa.kos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈsa.kos/
  • Noun[edit]

    σᾰ́κος (sákosn (genitive σᾰ́κεος or σᾰ́κους); third declension

    1. a shield
    2. (metaphoric) shield, defense

    Inflection[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek σάκκος (sákkos, sack, bag; sackcloth), most likely from Semitic.

    Noun[edit]

    σάκος (sákosm (plural σάκοι)

    1. bag (of paper or plastic; for shopping, etc)
    2. sack (of paper or plastic; for storing/packing loose materials)
    3. bin bag, waste bag
    4. pouch, wallet (for documents)

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Further reading[edit]