σάρξ

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See also: σαρξ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally meaning a piece of meat, it derives from Proto-Indo-European *twerḱ- (to cut).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /sárks/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /sarks/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /sarks/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /sarks/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /sarks/
  • Noun[edit]

    σάρξ (sárxf (genitive σαρκός); third declension

    1. The material which covers the bones of a creature; flesh
    2. body
    3. the edible flesh of a fruit
    4. The seat of animalistic, immoral desires and thoughts, such as lust
    5. (Christianity) The physical or natural order, which is opposed to the spiritual

    Usage notes[edit]

    Homer uses σάρξ almost entirely in the plural, with the singular usage specifying a specific part of the body. Later writers use the singular without this distinction.

    Inflection[edit]

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