- (5th BC Attic) IPA(key): /sárkʰs/
ambiguous vowel ά at 2
- (1st BC Egyptian) IPA(key): /sarkʰs/
- (4th AD Koine) IPA(key): /sarxs/
- (10th AD Byzantine) IPA(key): /sarks/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /sarks/
Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowel ά by adding a macron after it if it is long, or a breve if it is short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes it is short if unmarked.
- The material which covers the bones of a creature: flesh
- the edible flesh of a fruit
- The seat of animalistic/immoral desires and thoughts, such as lust
- That which is opposed to the spiritual
Homer uses σάρξ almost entirely in the plural, with the singular usage specifying a specific part of the body. Later writers use the singular without this distinction.
- σάρξ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- «σάρξ» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
- Bauer, Walter et al. (2001) A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, Third edition, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
- «σάρξ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
- “G4561”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
- Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
- The PIE root *tu̯erk̑-.