σπεύδω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *spewd- (press, hurry). Cognate with Albanian punë, Latin pudet, Lithuanian spáudžiu, Old Armenian փոյթ (pʿoytʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

σπεύδω (speúdō)

  1. (transitive)
    1. I set going, urge on, hasten
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 1.38:
        πρὸς ὧν τὴν ὄψιν ταύτην τόν τε γάμον τοι τοῦτον ἔσπευσα
        pròs hôn tḕn ópsin taútēn tón te gámon toi toûton éspeusa
        It is because of that vision that I hurried your marriage
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 19.137:
        οἱ δὲ γάμον σπεύδουσιν
        hoi dè gámon speúdousin
        They urge a marriage
      • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Ajax 804:
        καὶ σπεύσαθ᾽, οἱ μὲν Τεῦκρον ἐν τάχει μολεῖν,
        kaì speúsath᾽, hoi mèn Teûkron en tákhei moleîn,
        Hurry, some of you, to speed Teucer's coming;
    2. I procure quickly, get ready
    3. I seek eagerly, strive after
      • 6th century BC, Theognis of Megara, Elegies 335:
        Μηδὲν ἄγαν σπεύδειν
        Mēdèn ágan speúdein
        be not overly eager in any matter
  2. (intransitive) I press on, hasten
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 11.119:
      σπεύδουσ᾽ ἱδρώουσα κραταιοῦ θηρὸς ὑφ᾽ ὁρμῆς
      speúdous᾽ hidrṓousa krataioû thēròs huph᾽ hormês
      hasting and sweating before the onset of the mighty beast
    • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 3.4.49:
      καταλιπὼν τὸν ἵππον ἔσπευδε πεζῇ
      katalipṑn tòn híppon éspeude pezêi
      he left his horse behind and hurried forward on foot
    1. (with infinitive) I am eager to
      • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Olympian Ode 4.22:
        κῦδος ὄρσαι σπεύδει Καμαρίνᾳ
        kûdos órsai speúdei Kamarínāi
        hurries to rouse glory for Camarina
    2. I am troubled in mind
      • 300 BCE – 200 BCE, Septuagint, Exodus 15.15:
        τότε ἔσπευσαν ἡγεμόνες Ἐδώμ
        tóte éspeusan hēgemónes Edṓm
        Then the chiefs of Edom were dismayed.

Inflection[edit]

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