σωφροσύνη

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

σώφρων ‎(sṓphrōn, wise) +‎ -σύνη ‎(-súnē)

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

σωφροσύνη ‎(sōphrosúnēf ‎(genitive σωφροσύνης); first declension

  1. soundness of mind, prudence, discretion; sanity
    • 386 BCE – 367 BCE, Plato, Meno 73.b
      Σωκράτης   τῶν αὐτῶν ἄρα ἀμφότεροι δέονται, εἴπερ μέλλουσιν ἀγαθοὶ εἶναι, καὶ ἡ γυνὴ καὶ ὁ ἀνήρ, δικαιοσύνης καὶ σωφροσύνης.
      Socrates: Then men and women both need the same things, if they want to be good: justice and prudence.
  2. moderation in sensual desires, self-control, temperance
    • 385 BCE – 380 BCE, Plato, Symposium 196.c
      εἶναι γὰρ ὁμολογεῖται σωφροσύνη τὸ κρατεῖν ἡδονῶν καὶ ἐπιθυμιῶν
      For it is agreed that prudence is the restraining of pleasures and desires.
  3. (politics) a moderate form of government

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