φάος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *pʰáos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéh₂os, from *bʰeh₂- (shine). Compare φαεινός (phaeinós), φάω (pháō), and φαίνω (phaínō). Cognates include Latin iubar (radiance, light); Sanskrit भास् (bhās, light, brilliance) and भास (bhāsa, luster, light); and Old English basu (purple).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /pʰá.os/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpʰa.os/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈɸa.os/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈfa.os/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈfa.os/
  • Noun[edit]

    φάος (pháosn (genitive φᾰ́εος); third declension

    1. light, especially daylight
        1. (poetic) the life of men
        2. of the light or time of day
        3. a day
      1. the light of a torch, fire, a light
      2. the light of the eyes
      3. a window
    2. light as a metaphor for delight, deliverance, happiness, victory, glory, etc.
    3. the dark ring around the nipple, areola

    Inflection[edit]

    References[edit]

    • φάος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • φάος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • φάος in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
    • φάος in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
    • φάος in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
    • φάος in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.