φλοιός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Formally, it belongs to φλέω (phléō, to abound) together with φλόος (phlóos, skin, slough). Semantically, the connection with φλέω (phléō) is clear in ὑπέρφλοιος (hupérphloios, luxuriant, succulent). Frisk thinks that the rind may have received its name from its being rich in flesh and juice, as opposed to the wood underneath. However, it could also be from the same Pre-Greek of φλέως (phléōs, Ravenna grass), which is suggested for φλέω (phléō) too.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

φλοιός (phloiósm (genitive φλοιοῦ); second declension

  1. (botany) bark of trees, especially smooth bark
  2. husk or skin of certain fruits
  3. membrane enclosing the eggs of certain animals
  4. tissue from which spiders spin their webs
  5. (figuratively) of superficial or useless coverings, redundancy

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Ancient Greek φλοιός (phloiós).

Noun[edit]

φλοιός (floiósm (plural φλοιοί)

  1. bark (of tree)
  2. peel (of fruit)
  3. husk (of grain)
  4. (geography) crust of the Earth
  5. (anatomy) cortex

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