χάος

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kʰá.os/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈkʰa.os/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈxa.os/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈxa.os/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈxa.os/
  • Etymology 1[edit]

    Uncertain. Has traditionally been connected to χαίνω (khaínō), χάσκω (kháskō, I gape, yawn)

    Noun[edit]

    χᾰ́ος (kháosn (genitive χᾰ́εος or χᾰ́ους); third declension

    1. the primordial state of existence
    2. space, air
    3. abyss, chasm
    4. infinite darkness
    Declension[edit]
    Descendants[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    χᾰ́ος (kháosm, f (neuter χᾰ́ον); second declension

    1. Alternative spelling of χάϊος (kháïos) "genuine, true"
    Declension[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    • χάος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • χάος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • χάος in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,006
    • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill

    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Ancient Greek χάος (kháos). For sense disorder, mess, semantic loan from French chaos (in that sense) from Latin chaos, from Ancient Greek χάος.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): /ˈxaos/
    • Hyphenation: χά‧ος

    Noun[edit]

    χάος (cháosn

    1. (singular only) chaos
    2. (singular only, figuratively) disorder, mess
    3. (singular only, mathematics) chaos

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ χάος in Triantafyllides, Hidryma (1998) Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek]

    Further reading[edit]