χάρτης

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Strong's Biblical concordance, from χαράσσω (kharássō, I scratch, inscribe), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰer- (to scratch). Modern scholarship rejects this (Beeks[1], Chantraine[2]) and considers the etymology unknown. An Egyptian derivation was supposed, without any convincing etymon found, because of the Egyptian origin of papyrus. Consistent with the Phoenician influence on Greece in the field of writing (the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet), recent inquiries[3] suggest χάρτης could derive from the Phoenician word ḥrṭit (𐤇𐤓𐤈𐤉𐤕, Hebrew letters חרטית, ~khartit) interpreted as 'something written', cognate with Biblical Hebrew khereṭ חֶרֶט 'stylus' or by extension 'style of writing'[4][5].

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

χᾰ́ρτης (khártēsm (genitive χᾰ́ρτου); first declension

  1. sheet of paper, paper
  2. book

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek χάρτης (a papyrus scroll).[6] Of uncertain origin. Unlikely from either Aegyptian or Iberian (via Arabic) roots.[7] Cognate, Latin charta.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxartis/
  • Hyphenation: χάρ‧της

Noun[edit]

χάρτης (chártism (plural χάρτες)

  1. (navigation) map, chart
  2. charter, project charter, constitution
    καταστατικός χάρτηςkatastatikós chártischarter
  3. (dated) synonym of χαρτί n (chartí, paper) in the set phrase
    εμπόριο χάρτου (empório chártou, trading of paper)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Related to maps:

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, 2010, page 1616
  2. ^ Dictionnaire Etymologique De La Langue Grecque, Pierre Chantraine, 2009, page 1249
  3. ^ Gary A. Rendsburg, The Etymology of χάρτης ‘Papyrus Roll’, Scripta Classica Israelica, vol. XXXVI 2017, pp. 149-169. https://jewishstudies.rutgers.edu/docman/rendsburg/660-sci-etymology-of-chartes/file
  4. ^ Gesenius' Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?t=kjv&strongs=h2747
  5. ^ https://biblehub.com/hebrew/2747.htm
  6. ^ χάρτης in Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.
  7. ^ Babiniotis, Georgios (2002) Λεξικό της νέας ελληνικής γλώσσας [Modern Greek Dictionary] (in Greek), 2nd edition, Athens: Lexicology Centre