χαίρω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *kʰəřřō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰer-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kʰaí̯.rɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈkʰɛ.ro/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈxɛ.ro/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈçe.ro/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈçe.ro/
  • Verb[edit]

    χαίρω (khaírō)

    1. To be full of cheer, i.e. calmly happy or well off
    2. To enjoy [+dative = something], [+participle = doing something]
    3. (perfect) To be very glad; to enjoy [+dative = something], [+participle = doing something] a great deal
      • 422 BCE, Aristophanes, The Wasps 764–766
        σὺ δ᾽ οὖν, ἐπειδὴ τοῦτο κεχάρηκας ποιῶν,
        ἐκεῖσε μὲν μηκέτι βάδιζ᾽, ἀλλ᾽ ἐνθάδε
        αὐτοῦ μένων δίκαζε τοῖσιν οἰκέταις.
        sù d᾽ oûn, epeidḕ toûto kekhárēkas poiôn,
        ekeîse mèn mēkéti bádiz᾽, all᾽ entháde
        autoû ménōn díkaze toîsin oikétais.
        Very well then, since you find so much pleasure in it,
        go down there no more, but stay
        here and deal out justice to your slaves.
    4. (on meeting or parting, as an imperative) Be well; farewell, be glad, God speed, greetings, hail, joy(‐fully), rejoice (as a salutation)

    Conjugation[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    χαίρω (chaíro) (simple past -) (largely found in the expressions shown)

    1. be happy, be glad
      Χαίρε ΜαρίαChaíre MaríaHail Mary
      χαίρετεchaíretehi, hello, greetings
      χαίρω πολύchaíro polýpleased to meet you
      χαίρω καλής φήμηςchaíro kalís fímishave a good reputation
      χαίρω μεγάλης εκτιμήσεωςchaíro megális ektimíseosto hold in high esteem
      χαίρω άκρας υγείαςchaíro ákras ygeíasto enjoy good health
      χάρηκα πολύchárika polýpleased to have met you

    Synonyms[edit]

    • χαίρομαι (chaíromai) (a deponent verb, but some sources imply that this is a passive form of χαίρω)

    Related terms[edit]