χαλκός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Has been compared to Proto-Slavic *želězo (iron), Latin ferrum, and Hittite [script needed] (ḫapalki-). Perhaps related to κάλχη (kálkhē, purple). Ultimately, Proto-Indo-European origin seems unlikely and the word is probably a borrowing from Pre-Greek.

Cognate to Mycenaean Greek 𐀏𐀏𐀩𐀀 (ka-ka-re-a).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

χᾰλκός (khalkósm (genitive χᾰλκοῦ); second declension

  1. copper, or copper alloyed with tin, bronze
  2. (poetic) anything made of metal
  3. copper, cauldron, urn
  4. copper money
  5. the phrase χαλκοῦ ἄνθος (khalkoû ánthos): particle thrown off by copper while cooling

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learnedly, from Ancient Greek χαλκός (khalkós) & semantic loan from English bronze.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /xalˈkos/
  • Hyphenation: χαλ‧κός

Noun[edit]

χαλκός (chalkósm (uncountable)

  1. (chemistry, metallurgy) copper

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • χαλκο- (chalko-, copper, copper coloured, prefix)

and

Not related to χαλκάς m (chalkás)

References[edit]

  1. ^ χαλκόςΛεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.

Further reading[edit]