χαλκός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Has been compared to Proto-Slavic *želězo (iron), Latin ferrum, and Hittite [script needed] (ḫapalki-). Perhaps related to κάλχη (kálkhē, purple). Ultimately, Proto-Indo-European origin seems unlikely and the word is probably a borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kʰal.kós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /kʰalˈkos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /xalˈkos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /xalˈkos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /xalˈkos/
  • Noun[edit]

    χᾰλκός (khalkósm (genitive χᾰλκοῦ); second declension

    1. copper, or copper alloyed with tin, bronze
    2. (poetic) anything made of metal
    3. copper, cauldron, urn
    4. copper money
    5. the phrase χαλκοῦ ἄνθος (khalkoû ánthos): particle thrown off by copper while cooling

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    Greek[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    χαλκός (chalkósm (uncountable)

    1. (chemistry, metallurgy) copper

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