χρυσός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from a Semitic source, usually assumed to be Phoenician/Punic[1]; compare Phoenician 𐤇𐤓𐤑(ḥrṣ)[2], Hebrew חֲרוּץ(ḥaruṣ)[3], Akkadian 𒆬𒄀 (ḫurāṣu [KUG.SIG17])[4], Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀬𐀰 (ku-ru-so).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

χρῡσός (khrūsósm (genitive χρῡσοῦ); second declension

  1. gold (substance)
  2. (poetic) something dear or precious
  3. a gold coin

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Latin: chrȳsos

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek χρυσός (khrusós, gold) (already Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀬𐀰 (ku-ru-so)), Semitic loan, compare with Biblical Hebrew חָרוּץ(ḥārūṣ), Akkadian 𒆬𒄀 (ḫurāṣu [KUG.SIG17]).[5]

Noun[edit]

χρυσός (chrysósm (plural χρυσοί)

  1. (chemistry) gold (metal element)
  2. (synecdoche) money, currency, cash
  3. (figuratively) wealth, riches
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Byzantine Greek χρυσός (khrusós), from Ancient Greek χρυσοῦς (khrusoûs), from Ancient Greek χρύσεος (khrúseos, goldon).[5]

Adjective[edit]

χρυσός (chrysósm (feminine χρυσή, neuter χρυσό)

  1. golden, gold
  2. (figuratively) handsome, lovely
  3. (figuratively) good-hearted
  4. (figuratively) dear, lovable
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek (2010), page 1652
  2. ^ Tomback, Richard - A Comparative Semitic Lexicon of the Phoenician and Punic Languages, page 151. For example, the word used on the Tabnit sarcophagus.
  3. ^ https://www.sefaria.org.il/Klein_Dictionary%2C_%D7%97%D6%B8%D7%A8%D7%95%D6%BC%D7%A5_%E1%B4%B5%E1%B4%B5%E1%B4%B5.1?lang=he
  4. ^ http://www.assyrianlanguages.org/akkadian/dosearch.php?searchkey=515&language=id
  5. 5.0 5.1 Georgios Babiniotis (2008) , “χρυσός”, in Λεξικό της νέας ελληνικής γλώσσας: [] [Dictionary of the New Greek Language] (in Greek), 3rd edition, Athens: Kentro Lexikologias, →ISBN.