χρυσός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely borrowed from a Semitic source; compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀬𐀰 (ku-ru-so), Hebrew חֶרֶס (ḥéres) (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?), Phoenician 𐤇𐤀𐤓𐤏𐤕𐤆 (ḥʾrʿtz), Akkadian 𒆬𒄀 (ḫurāṣu [KUG.SIG17]).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kʰryː.sós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /kʰryˈsos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /xryˈsos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /xryˈsos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /xriˈsos/
  • Noun[edit]

    χρῡσός (khrūsósm (genitive χρῡσοῦ); second declension

    1. gold (substance)
    2. (poetic) something dear or precious
    3. a gold coin

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    Greek[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Ancient Greek χρυσός (khrusós, gold) (already Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀬𐀰 (ku-ru-so)), Semitic loan, compare with Biblical Hebrew חָרוּץ (ḥārūṣ), Akkadian 𒆬𒄀 (ḫurāṣu [KUG.SIG17]).[1]

    Noun[edit]

    χρυσός (chrysósm (plural χρυσοί)

    1. (chemistry) gold (metal element)
    2. (synecdoche) money, currency, cash
    3. (figuratively) wealth, riches
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    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Byzantine Greek χρυσός (khrusós), from Ancient Greek χρυσοῦς (khrusoûs), from Ancient Greek χρύσεος (khrúseos, goldon).[1]

    Adjective[edit]

    χρυσός (chrysósm (feminine χρυσή, neuter χρυσό)

    1. golden, gold
    2. (figuratively) handsome, lovely
    3. (figuratively) good-hearted
    4. (figuratively) dear, lovable
    Declension[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 Babiniotis, Georgios (2008) Λεξικό της νέας ελληνικής γλώσσας [Modern Greek Dictionary] (in Greek), 3rd edition, Athens: Lexicology Centre