χρυσός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely borrowed from a Semitic source; compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀬𐀰 (ku-ru-so), Hebrew חֶרֶס (ḥéres) (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?), Phoenician 𐤇𐤀𐤓𐤏𐤕𐤆 (ḥʾrʿtz), Akkadian 𒆬𒄀 (ḫurāṣu [KUG.SIG17]).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

χρῡσός (khrūsósm (genitive χρῡσοῦ); second declension

  1. gold (substance)
  2. (poetic) something dear or precious
  3. a gold coin

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Greek[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek χρυσός (khrusós, gold) (already Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀬𐀰 (ku-ru-so)), Semitic loan, compare with Biblical Hebrew חָרוּץ (ḥārūṣ), Akkadian 𒆬𒄀 (ḫurāṣu [KUG.SIG17]).[1]

Noun[edit]

χρυσός (chrysósm (plural χρυσοί)

  1. (chemistry) gold (metal element)
  2. (synecdoche) money, currency, cash
  3. (figuratively) wealth, riches
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Byzantine Greek χρυσός (khrusós), from Ancient Greek χρυσοῦς (khrusoûs), from Ancient Greek χρύσεος (khrúseos, goldon).[1]

Adjective[edit]

χρυσός (chrysósm (feminine χρυσή, neuter χρυσό)

  1. golden, gold
  2. (figuratively) handsome, lovely
  3. (figuratively) good-hearted
  4. (figuratively) dear, lovable
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Babiniotis, Georgios (2008) Λεξικό της νέας ελληνικής γλώσσας [Modern Greek Dictionary] (in Greek), 3rd edition, Athens: Lexicology Centre