Русь

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: русь

Belarusian[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Ruthenian Русь (Rusʹ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Русь (Rusʹf inan (genitive Ру́сі or Русі́, uncountable, related adjective ру́скі)

  1. Rus
  2. Kievan Rus
    Кі́еўская РусьKíjeŭskaja RusʹKievan Rus
  3. Ruthenia, "Old Russia"

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old East Slavic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from an ethnonym Proto-Finnic *roocci with the meaning (“people from the coast of Roþrin (‘administrative subdivision in coastal Eastern Sweden’)”), while its native Scandinavian equivalent is not attested.[1] The Finnic word, which refers to the Swedes (Germanic tribe), and later the whole of Sweden, is in turn borrowed from Old East Norse *roþs- (see Finnish Ruotsi for more). Compare Old East Slavic Сумь (Sumĭ), borrowed from Proto-Finnic *soomi. The Old East Slavic proper noun Русь is first recorded in the 12th-century Primary Chronicle. Older attestations of the same name in Greek, Latin and Arabic date to the 9th and 10th centuries. More at Rus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /ˈrusɪ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /ˈrusʲɪ/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /ˈrusʲ/

Proper noun[edit]

Роусь (Rusĭf inan (genitive Роуси)

  1. (collectively) Name of a group of Varangians, the ruling class in the principalities of Rus. [9th c.]
    • [1]
      Афетово же колѣно и то Варѧзи . Свеи . Оурманє . Готѣ . Русь . Аглѧнѣ . Галичанѣ . Волохове . Римлѧнѣ . Нѣмци . Корлѧзи . Венедици . Фрѧговѣ . и прочии присѣдѧть ѿ запада къ полуденью. и съсѣдѧтсѧ съ племенем̑ Хамовомъ.
      Afetovo že kolěno i to Varęzi . Svei . Urmane . Gotě . Rusĭ . Aglęně . Galičaně . Voloxove . Rimlęně . Němci . Korlęzi . Venedici . Fręgově . i pročij prisědętĭ otŭ zapada kŭ poludenĭju. i sŭsědętsę sŭ plemenem̑ Xamovomŭ.
      The offspring of Japheth were the Varangians, Swedes, Norsemen, Goths, Rusĭ, Angles, Galicians, Vlachs, Romans, Germans, Korlyazi ["Carolingians", i.e. Franks], Venetians, Fryazi [Italians, Genovese] and others. In the west they are ajacent to the southern countries, and neighbours with the Hamites.
    • s.a. 6370 (862)
      идоша за море к Варѧгом̑ . к Руси . сіце бо звахуть . ты Варѧ̑гы Русь . ꙗко се друзии зовутсѧ Свеє . друзии же Оурмани . Аньглѧне . инѣи и Готе . тако и си ркоша.
      idoša za more k Varęgom̑ . k Rusi . sice bo zvaxutĭ . ty Varę̑gy Rusĭ . jako se druzij zovutsę Svee . druzij že Urmani . Anĭglęne . iněj i Gote . tako i si rkoša.
      And they went overseas to the Varangians, to the Rusĭ. These particular Varangians were known as Rusĭ, just as some are called Swedes, and others Normans and Angles, and still others Gotlanders, for they were thus named.
  2. (collectively) Inhabitants of Rus; East Slavic people. [10–12th cc.]
    Synonym: Русьскаꙗ землꙗ (Rusĭskaja zemlja)

Usage notes[edit]

Русь (Rusĭ) is the collective plural for the Varangian elite ruling Rus', the Old East Slavic state. A single individual is called a русинъ (rusinŭ), whence modern Russian руси́н (rusín, Ruthenian). While the Rus-Byzantine treaty of AD 911 is unclear on whether "Rus" refers just to the ruling elite or to the entire population, the treaty of 944 is explicit on the point that the "Rus" are "all people of the Rus land" (русьскаꙗ землꙗ (rusĭskaja zemlja)).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andersson, Thorsten. “Rus” and “Viking”, ANF [Arkiv för nordisk filologi – Archive of Scandinavian Philology] 122 (2007), pp. 5‒13.

Old Ruthenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic Роусь (Rusĭ), borrowed from Proto-Finnic *roocci, further borrowed from Old Norse *roþs-, from róðr, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *rōþrą. Cognate with Russian Русь (Rusʹ), Byzantine Greek Ῥῶς (Rhôs).

Proper noun[edit]

Русь (Rusʹf inan

  1. (collectively) Inhabitants of Rus; East Slavic people
  2. Rus

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [rusʲ]
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Русь (Rusʹf inan (genitive Руси́, nominative plural Ру́си, genitive plural Русе́й, related adjective ру́сский)

  1. Rus
    на Руси́na Rusíin Rus (preposition "на", not "в" is used)
    Ки́евская РусьKíjevskaja RusʹKievan Rus
  2. (poetic) Russia
    Synonym: (regular term) Росси́я (Rossíja)
  3. Kievan Rus
  4. An umbrella term for the territory of modern Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, inhabited by the East Slavic Christian Orthodox people. Used until the 20th century.
  5. name of a St. Petersburg daily newspaper published from 1903 to 1908
  6. name of a special forces unit (ОСНАЗ) of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (formed 1994)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Preposition на (na) should be used to express the location, e.g. "на Руси́" - in Rus, in Russia.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Ruthenian Русь (Rusʹ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Русь (Rusʹf inan (genitive Ру́сі or Русі́ or Ру́си or Руси́, uncountable, related adjective ру́ський)

  1. Rus
  2. Kievan Rus
    Ки́ївська РусьKýjivsʹka RusʹKievan Rus
  3. Ruthenia

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]