ала

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Abkhaz[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Abkhaz-Abaza *lá (dog).

Noun[edit]

а-ла́ (a-lá)

  1. dog

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Abkhaz-Abaza *lá (eye).

Noun[edit]

а́-ла (á-la)

  1. eye (organ of sight)

Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ала (ala)

  1. but (conjunction)

Usage notes[edit]

This conjunction is often used in literature and children's stories, and may contribute to an ominous or moralizing tone.


Chechen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nakh.

Verb[edit]

ала (ala)

  1. to say

Dolgan[edit]

Noun[edit]

ала (ala)

  1. a strap in a reindeer yoke
  2. reindeer yoke

Evenki[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ала (ala)

  1. sweet

Ingush[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Akin to Chechen алу (alu).

Noun[edit]

ала (ala)

  1. flame

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nakh.

Verb[edit]

ала (ala)

  1. to say

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *xala, unless borrowed from Ottoman Turkish آلا(ala, spotted, variegated), euphemistic for ییلان(yılan, snake).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈaɫa]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: а‧ла

Noun[edit]

а́ла (álaf (plural а́ли)

  1. (archaic) dragon (mythical creature)
    Synonyms: а́ждер (ážder), змеј (zmej), дра́кон (drákon)
  2. (figuratively) monster

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Knüppel, Michael (2009), “Zu serbo-kroatisch hȁla ∼ ȁla ‘Drache’”, in Wiener Slavistisches Jahrbuch[1] (in German), volume 55, pages 179–183
  • ала” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language] − drmj.eu

Moksha[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Uralic *ëla. Perhaps by error EES lists Moksha ал (al, egg) as a cognate of Estonian ala. Compare, however, Estonian alus (foundation), Livonian alā (down; under), alli (foundation; underside), among others. Veršinin, however, lists “the lower part of something” as an alternative sense for the word ал (al) in both Mordvinic languages. He speculates that the “egg” sense is secondary to the “underside” sense (as eggs are found under birds), a possible taboo replacement, as collecting eggs in the spring was very important in historic times.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ɑlɑ/

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Postposition[edit]

ала (ala)

  1. under
    • O. Je. Poljakov (1995) Učimsja govoritʹ po-mokšanski [Let's learn to speak Moksha], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, →ISBN, page 135
      кудть ала
      kudtʹ ala
      under the house

Usage notes[edit]

This postposition is used with genitive.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Veršinin, V. I. (2004) Этимологический словарь мордовских (эрзянского и мокшанского) языков [Etymological dictionary of Mordvinic (Erzya and Moksha) languages] (in Russian), volume 1, Joškar Ola, page 12

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ала́ or а́ла (alá or ála)

  1. short feminine singular of а́лый (ályj)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

а̀ла (Latin spelling àla)

  1. (used for emphasis, or as an intensifier) expression of awe, surprise, dismay, etc.
    Ала је било лепо!It sure was nice!
    Aла лажеш!Oh, you're lying!

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish آلا(ala, spotted, variegated).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

а́ла or а̀ла or а̏ла (Latin spelling ála or àla or ȁla)

  1. piebald, spotted

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *xala, unless borrowed from Ottoman Turkish آلا(ala, spotted, variegated), euphemistic for a snake.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

а́ла or а̀ла or а̏ла f (Latin spelling ála or àla or ȁla)

  1. dragon, type of mythical creature similar to dragon
See also[edit]

Yakut[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *āla (variegated). Akin to Turkish ala.

Adjective[edit]

ала (ala)

  1. piebald
    Synonym: эриэн (erien, variegated)

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Cognate with the Dolgan term above.

Noun[edit]

ала (ala)

  1. (dialectal) strap (for a reindeer sled)