баба

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Avar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Avaro-Andian: *babV (~ -o-), from Proto-Avaro-Andian: *babV (~ -o-)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

баба (baba)

  1. mother; mom, mum

See also[edit]


Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ба́ба (bábaf anim

  1. grandmother, granny, old woman
  2. (historical) (any) woman; countrywoman
    не ме́ла ба́ба кло́пату (дык) купі́ла ба́ба парася́nje mjéla bába klópatu (dyk) kupíla bába parasjáthe woman had no trouble but the woman has bought a piglet
  3. (colloquial, slang, derogatory) woman, female, broad

Declension[edit]

animate

inanimate

References[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ба́ба (bábaf

  1. grandmother, grandma, granny, gran
  2. old woman, goody, granny
  3. mother-in-law (one’s wife’s mother)
  4. midwife, wise woman
  5. wise woman, sorceress, witch
  6. woman, weakling, milksop, mollycoddle, molly, old maid
  7. monkey

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • баба in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • баба in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic баба (baba)
Arabic بابا

Noun[edit]

баба (baba)

  1. grandfather

Declension[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

баба (babaf (plural баби)

  1. grandmother, grandma, granny, gran
  2. old woman, goody, granny
  3. mother-in-law (one’s wife’s mother)
  4. midwife

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • баба in Makedonisch Info (germansko-makedonski rečnik, makedonsko-germanski rečnik)

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Noun[edit]

баба (babaf

  1. grandmother
  2. midwife
  3. wet nurse

Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Noun[edit]

баба (babaf

  1. married woman
  2. midwife
  3. fortune teller, hex
  4. (in the plural) women

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: ба́ба (bába)
  • Ukrainian: ба́ба (bába)

References[edit]

  • Sreznevskij, I. I. (1893), “баба”, in Materialy dlja slovarja drevne-russkago jazyka po pisʹmennym pamjatnikam [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old Russian Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 1, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 35

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbabə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ба́ба (bábaf anim or f inan (genitive ба́бы, nominative plural ба́бы, genitive plural баб)

  1. (childish) grandma, granny (short for ба́бушка (bábuška))
    Ма́ма, а где ба́ба?Máma, a gde bába?Mom, where’s grandma?
  2. (informal or archaic) old woman (short for ба́бушка (bábuška))
    Жи́ли-бы́ли дед да ба́ба.Žíli-býli ded da bába.There once lived an old man and his old woman.
  3. (historical) (any) woman; countrywoman
  4. (colloquial, slang, derogatory) woman, female, broad; countrywoman
    Кто э́та ба́ба?Kto éta bába?Who's that broad?
    Все ба́бы ду́ры; все мужики́ сво́лочи (contemporary Russian saying)
    Vse báby — dúry; vse mužikí — svóloči
    "Every woman is stupid, every man is a bastard"
  5. (obsolete) peasant’s wife, peasant woman
  6. (derogatory) milksop, old woman (weak man)
  7. (technical) ram (of a pile driver)
  8. (technical) drop weight
  9. (cooking) baba (tall, cylindrical cake), bundt cake, Gugelhupf
    ро́мовая ба́баrómovaja bábarum baba, rum cake
  10. in expressions
    сне́жная ба́баsnéžnaja bábasnowman
    ка́менная ба́баkámennaja bábaprimitive stone statue

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bâba/
  • Hyphenation: ба‧ба

Noun[edit]

ба̏ба f (Latin spelling bȁba)

  1. grandmother
  2. granny, grandma
  3. (usually derogatory) old woman
  4. (derogatory) female person

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • баба” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ба́ба (bábaf pers or f inan (genitive ба́би, nominative plural баби́)

  1. grandmother, granny, old woman (in some cases maternal grandmother only).
  2. a fortune teller or witch, practising the art of віск зливати (wax pouring).
  3. (historical) (any) woman; countrywoman
    не ма́ла ба́ба кло́поту та купи́ла ба́ба порося́ne mála bába klópotu ta kupýla bába porosjáthe woman had no trouble but the woman has bought a piglet
  4. (colloquial, slang, derogatory) woman, female, broad
  5. (inanimate) name of a special, delicate ritual bread that is blessed by a priest at Easter (also called бабка, babka).
  6. (inanimate) a name given to сніп (snip) at Christmas, a sheaf of grain (wheat or rye), brought into the home for Christmas Eve supper {{|uk|свята́ вече́ря}}, placed in a corner of the room and later fed to livestock or cattle.

Declension[edit]

personal:

inanimate:

References[edit]

  • баба in I. K. Bilodid, editor (1970–1980) Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language], Kyjiv
  • баба in Horox (slovozmina)