в

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Cirila-в-minuskla.svg
в U+0432, в
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
б
[U+0431]
Cyrillic г
[U+0433]

Translingual[edit]

Cyrillic letter В в (В в), normal above, italics below.
Handwritten forms

Etymology[edit]

Early Cyrillic letter vědě From early Cyrillic letter vědě.

Letter[edit]

в (lower case, upper case В)

  1. A letter of several Cyrillic alphabets.

Related terms[edit]

  • v (Latin alphabet)

Bashkir[edit]

Cyrillic letter Ve - uppercase and lowercase.svg

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /w/, (in Russian borrowings) /v/

Letter[edit]

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Bashkir alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Belarusian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Belarusian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Bulgarian alphabet, called въ and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vъ(n).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (before vowels and voiceless consonants) /f/, (before voiced consonants) /v/

Preposition[edit]

в (v)

  1. going inside (of) or within the limits of, into, in, at, to
    влизам в стаята
    vlizam v stajata
    to go into the room
    качвам се в колата
    kačvam se v kolata
    to get in the car
    пристигам в хотела
    pristigam v hotela
    to arrive at the hotel
  2. against, especially with force or violence, into
    Колата се блъсна в дървото.
    Kolata se blǎsna v dǎrvoto.
    The car crashed into the tree.
    Не внимавах и се блъснах в стена.
    Ne vnimavah i se blǎsnah v stena.
    I wasn't careful, and walked into a wall.
  3. used to indicate where something is or where something happens, in, at, on
    в стаята съм
    v stajata sǎm
    to be in the room
    Срещнахме се в училище.
    Sreštnahme se v učilište.
    We met at school.
    пътувам в автобуса/метрото
    pǎtuvam v avtobusa/metroto
    to travel on the bus/tube
  4. used with certain time expressions to say when something happens, at, in, on, during
    в 8 часа
    v 8 časa
    at 8 o'clock
    в петък
    v petǎk
    on Friday
    в 1988
    v 1988
    in 1988
    в деветнадесетия век
    v devetnadesetija vek
    in/during the nineteenth century
    в това/същото време
    v tova/sǎštoto vreme
    at that/the same time
    в момента
    v momenta
    at the moment
    в един миг
    v edin mig
    momentarily/in a moment
    в началото
    v načaloto
    in the beginning
    в началото на годината
    v načaloto na godinata
    at the beginning of the year
  5. used to indicate a change in state, to, into
    превръщам в камък
    prevrǎštam v kamǎk
    to turn into stone
    превръщам в пепел/прах/развалини
    prevrǎštam v pepel/prah/razvalini
    to reduce to ashes/powder/ruins
    превръщам километри в мили
    prevrǎštam kilometri v mili
    to convert kilometres into miles
  6. used to indicate a state or condition, in, on
    в безсъзнание съм
    v bezsǎznanie sǎm
    to be in a dead faint/to be unconscious
    в движение
    v dviženie
    in motion/on the move
    в добро здравословно състояние
    v dobro zdravoslovno sǎstojanie
    in good health
    в покой
    v pokoj
    in repose/at rest/motionless
    в кома
    v koma
    in a coma
  7. used to show how or in what way something is done, in, at
    плащам в долари/брой
    plaštam v dolari/broj
    to pay in dollars/cash
    меря в километри
    merja v kilometri
    to measure in kilometres
    марширувам в строй
    marširuvam v stroj
    to march in formation
    вървя в крак
    vǎrvja v krak
    to keep in step
    слушам в захлас
    slušam v zahlas
    to listen in a daze
    в галоп/тръс
    v galop/trǎs
    at a gallop/trot
  8. used to indicate the parts forming something, in
    роман в три части
    roman v tri časti
    a novel in three volumes
    филм в два епизода
    film v dva epizoda
    a film in two episodes
  9. used to describe the clothes or the colour of something, in
    облечен в черно/черна риза
    oblečen v černo/černa riza
    dressed in black/a black shirt
    стени, боядисани в синьо
    steni, bojadisani v sinjo
    walls painted blue
  10. used to indicate a sphere where a certain quality is present, at
    Той е много добър в професията си.
    Toj e mnogo dobǎr v profesijata si.
    He is very good at his job.
Usage notes[edit]

In writing, във is used in front of words starting with в or ф and в is used elsewhere. In speech, в and във are used interchangeably. In writing and in speech, във is also used as a stressed form of в, even before words not beginning with в or ф, as in

Тя е във къщата, а не отвън.
Tja e vǎv kǎštata, a ne otvǎn.
She is in the house, not outside.

In verse, във can also be used in front of words not starting with в or ф in order to maintain the syllable structure of the line.

Related terms[edit]

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic в
Arabic ۆ

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The fourth letter of the Kazakh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Kyrgyz[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Kyrgyz alphabet, called ве and written in the Cyrillic script.

Usage notes[edit]

Only used in words of foreign origin.

See also[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

в (v) (lower case, upper case В) (italics: В, в)

  1. The third letter of the Macedonian alphabet, called в and written in the Cyrillic script.
  2. The name of the Cyrillic-script letter в.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Preposition[edit]

в (v)

  1. Alternative form of во (vo)

Related terms[edit]


Mongolian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

в (v) (lower case, upper case В) (italics: В, в)

  1. The third letter of the Mongolian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Ossetian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The fourth letter of the Ossetian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [v], [vʲ], [f]

Letter[edit]

в (v) (lower case, upper case В) (italics: В, в)

  1. The third letter of the Russian alphabet, called вэ and written in the Cyrillic script.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old East Slavic въ (), from Proto-Slavic *vъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥, zero-grade form of *h₁én.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [v] (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • IPA(key): [f] (before voiceless consonants)
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

в (v)

  1. (location) in, at, on [+prepositional]
    Он в теа́треOn v teátreHe’s at (in) the theater.
  2. (direction) to, into [+accusative]
    Он идёт в теа́трOn idjót v teátrHe’s going to (into) the theater.
  3. (time) at, in, on [+accusative]
    в три часа́v tri časáat three o’clock
    в пя́тницуv pjátnicuon Friday
  4. per [+accusative]
    три ра́за в деньtri ráza v denʹthree times per day
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviation of вольт (volʹt).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [volʲt] (phonetic respelling: вольт)

Noun[edit]

в (vm inan (indeclinable)

  1. V, volt

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

в (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Serbo-Croatian alphabet, called в and written in the Cyrillic script.
  2. The name of the Cyrillic-script letter в.
    Synonym: (obsolete) веди

See also[edit]