из-

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See also: из

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • изо- (izo-) (before certain consonant clusters)
  • ис- (is-) (before voiceless consonants)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jьz-; see *jьz for further information.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • из-: IPA(key): [ɪz]
  • и́з-: IPA(key): [ˈiz] (when stressed)

Prefix[edit]

из- (iz-)

  1. out from
    идти́ (idtí, to go)изойти́ (izojtí, to emanate, to originate, to come from)
  2. When added to a verb, it may form a verb with a sense of completeness, abundance or exhaustion.
    укра́сить (ukrásitʹ, to decorate)изукра́сить (izukrásitʹ, lavishly decorate)
  3. When added to a verb, it may form a verb with a sense of destruction, ruined due to use.
    писа́ть (pisátʹ, to write)исписа́ть (ispisátʹ, write upon, cover with notes, write over)
  4. When added to nouns, especially when they have the suffix -ье, it indicates location of an object.
    голова́ (golová, head)изголо́вье (izgolóvʹje, head of the bed)
  5. When added to adjectives for colours, an adverb is formed indicating nuance.
    жёлтый (žóltyj, yellow)и́зжелта-бу́рый (ízželta-búryj, yellowish-brown)
  6. When added to adjectives, it may form an adverb indicating spatial or temporal properties. Usually in archaic or highly formal style.
    да́льний (dálʹnij, far, distant)и́здали (ízdali, from afar)
  7. When added to adverbs, it can form an adverb with a sense of direction for an action.
    вну́тренний (vnútrennij, interior, inner)изнутри́ (iznutrí, from within, from inside)

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Prefix[edit]

из- (Latin spelling iz-)

  1. out-
  2. out of
  3. out from