имя

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See also: има, имѧ, and ім'я

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic имѧ (imę), from Proto-Slavic *jьmę, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥

Cognates include English name, Old Prussian emmens, Sanskrit नामन् (nāman), Persian نام (nâm), Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), Latin nōmen

The so-called н-declension of this and nine other similar neuter nouns are remnants of sound changes that took place in Common Slavic due to the the Law of Open Syllables: a requirement that syllables could not have decreasing sonority. While Late Proto-Indo-European and Late Proto-Slavic had nasal diphthongs consisting of a vowel plus a nasal consonant (/m, n/), such syllables later violated the Law of Open Syllables in Common Slavic since a consonant is inherently less sonorous than a vowel and thus a nasal diphthong would have falling sonority. This problem was remedied by the transition of such nasal diphthongs into nasal vowels through a process of monophthongization. In Proto-Slavic, the nominative singular contained the syllable /mĕns/. After the loss of the final consonant, the remaining nasal diphthong, which violated the Law of Open Syllables, was reduced to a nasal vowel /ę/ represented by Ѧ, ѧ (little yus) in Old Church Slavonic and Late Proto-Slavic, eventually becoming word-final -я in modern Russian. In the oblique cases, because the /n/ sound appeared at the beginning of a syllable (due to all the oblique case endings beginning with a vowel), there was no nasal diphthong to violate the Law of Open Syllables and the -ен- was preserved before all the oblique case endings in the modern language. Compare the declension of Old Church Slavonic имѧ (imę).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

и́мя (ímjan inan (genitive и́мени, nominative plural имена́, genitive plural имён)

  1. name, first name, Christian name, given name (for inanimate things, see назва́ние (nazvánije))
    и́мя и о́тчество‎ ― ímja i ótčestvofirst name and patronymic
    Заво́д и́мени Ста́лина‎ ― Zavód ímeni StálinaStalin Automobile Plant
    и́мя при рожде́нии‎ ― ímja pri roždéniibirth name
  2. (grammar) noun (broad sense)
    и́мя существи́тельное‎ ― ímja suščestvítelʹnojenoun (narrow sense), substantive
    и́мя со́бственное‎ ― ímja sóbstvennojeproper noun
    и́мя нарица́тельное‎ ― ímja naricátelʹnojeappellative noun
    и́мя прилага́тельное‎ ― ímja prilagátelʹnojeadjective
    и́мя числи́тельное‎ ― ímja čislítelʹnojenumeral

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]