имя

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See also: има, имѧ, and ім'я

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic имѧ (imę), from Proto-Slavic *jьmę, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥

Cognates include English name, Old Prussian emmens, Sanskrit नामन् (nāman), Persian نام (nâm), Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), Latin nōmen

The so-called н-declension of this and nine other similar neuter nouns are remnants of sound changes that took place in Common Slavic due to the the Law of Open Syllables: a requirement that syllables could not have decreasing sonority. While Late Proto-Indo-European and Late Proto-Slavic had nasal diphthongs consisting of a vowel plus a nasal consonant (/m, n/), such syllables later violated the Law of Open Syllables in Common Slavic since a consonant is inherently less sonorous than a vowel and thus a nasal diphthong would have falling sonority. This problem was remedied by the transition of such nasal diphthongs into nasal vowels through a process of monophthongization. In Proto-Slavic, the nominative singular contained the syllable /mĕns/. After the loss of the final consonant, the remaining nasal diphthong, which violated the Law of Open Syllables, was reduced to a nasal vowel /ę/ represented by Ѧ, ѧ (little yus) in Old Church Slavonic and Late Proto-Slavic, eventually becoming word-final -я in modern Russian. In the oblique cases, because the /n/ sound appeared at the beginning of a syllable (due to all the oblique case endings beginning with a vowel), there was no nasal diphthong to violate the Law of Open Syllables and the -ен- was preserved before all the oblique case endings in the modern language. Compare the declension of Old Church Slavonic имѧ (imę).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

и́мя (ímjan inan (genitive и́мени, nominative plural имена́, genitive plural имён)

  1. name, first name, Christian name, given name (for inanimate things, see назва́ние (nazvánije))
    и́мя и о́тчествоímja i ótčestvofirst name and patronymic
    Заво́д и́мени Ста́линаZavód ímeni StálinaStalin Automobile Plant
    и́мя при рожде́нииímja pri roždéniibirth name
  2. (grammar) noun (broad sense)
    и́мя существи́тельноеímja suščestvítelʹnojenoun (narrow sense), substantive
    и́мя со́бственноеímja sóbstvennojeproper noun
    и́мя нарица́тельноеímja naricátelʹnojeappellative noun
    и́мя прилага́тельноеímja prilagátelʹnojeadjective
    и́мя числи́тельноеímja čislítelʹnojenumeral

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]