кацап

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ukrainian каца́п (kacáp).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kɐˈt͡sap]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

каца́п (kacápm anim (genitive каца́па, nominative plural каца́пы, genitive plural каца́пов, feminine каца́пка)

  1. (Ukraine) (slang, derogatory, ethnic slur) katsap, a Russian person, Russian, Russki

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From цап (cap, billy goat) with a prefix ка- (ka-). Likening a stereotypically bearded Russian man to a goat. Compare каца́р (kacár, great czar). A common folk etymology explains the word as “как-цап” (kak-cap, “like a billy goat”), deriving from Russian как (kak, as).

Another credible etymology is from Turkish kasap (butcher), from Arabic قَصَّاب(qaṣṣāb, butcher). Compare Crimean Tatar къасап (qasap, butcher), Ukrainian закаца́пити (zakacápyty, kill, slaughter), Bulgarian касап (kasap, butcher) and касапин (kasapin, butcher), Serbo-Croatian kasap (butcher) Serbo-Croatian kasapin (butcher), Romanian casap (butcher).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

каца́п (kacápm anim (genitive каца́па, nominative plural каца́пи, feminine каца́пка)

  1. (slang, derogatory, ethnic slur) katsap, a Russian person, Russian, Russki

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • кацап in Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980) Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka
  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1982–2012), “кацап”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), Kiev: Naukova Dumka
  • Rudnycʼkyj, Jaroslav B. (1982), “кацап”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (in Ukrainian), volume II, Ottawa: Ukrainian Mohylo-Mazepian Academy of Sciences, Ukrainian Language Association, pages 638–639