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Alternative forms[edit]


Attested since the middle of the 17th century. Related to кибита́ (kibitá, arched hoop, half of a hoop of a large fish-trap), obsolete (17th c.) киби́ть (kibítʹ, arc of the bow). Cognate with Ukrainian киби́тка (kybýtka), Belarusian кібі́тка (kibítka).

Borrowing from Turkic: compare Tatar кибет (kibet), Bashkir кибет (kibet), Kipchak [script needed] (kebit), [script needed] (kibit), [script needed] (kabit, stall, shop), Karakhanid [script needed] (käbit, inn).

Probably ultimately from Sogdian qpyδ (kəpēδ, stall) (akin to Persian کلبه (kolbe); see it for more), though Arabic قُبَّة (qubba, dome) too is often mentioned as another possible ultimate source.



киби́тка (kibítkaf inan (genitive киби́тки, nominative plural киби́тки, genitive plural киби́ток)

  1. kibitka (horse-drawn carriage)
  2. yurt, kibitka (nomad's dwelling of some ethnic groups such as the Kalmyks and Kyrgyz)
  3. telega or sleigh with a (usually rounded) cover over the passenger seats


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  • Berneker, Erich (1908–1913) Slavisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Winter, page 503
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “кибитка”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume I, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 394a
  • Dalʹ, V. I. (1881), “кибитка”, in Tolkovyj slovarʹ živovo velikorusskovo jazyka [Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 2nd edition, Saint Petersburg, Moscow: Izdanije knigoprodavca-tipografa M.O. Volʹfa, page 107a
  • Levitskaja, L. S.; Dybo, A. V.; Rassadin, V. I. (1997) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ tjurkskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Turkic Languages]‎[1] (in Russian), volume V, Moscow: Jazyki russkoj kulʹtury, pages 16–17
  • Miklosich, Franz (1886) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der slavischen Sprachen (in German), Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller, page 116
  • кибитка”, in Slovarʹ russkix narodnyx govorov [Dictionary of Russian Dialects] (in Russian), volume 13, Moscow, Saint Petersburg: Nauka, 1977, page 194b
  • Vasmer, Max (1964), “кибита”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume I, translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress, pages 227–228