кибитка

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Russian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested since the middle of the 17th century. Related to кибита́ (kibitá, arched hoop, half of a hoop of a large fish-trap), obsolete (17th c.) киби́ть (kibítʹ, arc of the bow). Cognate with Ukrainian киби́тка (kybýtka), Belarusian кібі́тка (kibítka).

Borrowing from Turkic: compare Tatar кибет (kibet), Bashkir кибет (kibet), Kipchak [script needed] (kebit), [script needed] (kibit), [script needed] (kabit, stall, shop), Karakhanid [script needed] (käbit, inn).

Probably ultimately from Sogdian qpyδ (kəpēδ, stall) (akin to Persian کلبه (kolbe); see it for more), though Arabic قُبَّة (qubba, dome) too is often mentioned as another possible ultimate source.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

киби́тка (kibítkaf inan (genitive киби́тки, nominative plural киби́тки, genitive plural киби́ток)

  1. kibitka (horse-drawn carriage)
  2. yurt, kibitka (nomad's dwelling of some ethnic groups such as the Kalmyks and Kyrgyz)
  3. telega or sleigh with a (usually rounded) cover over the passenger seats

Declension[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Berneker, Erich (1908–1913) Slavisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Winter, page 503
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “кибитка”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume I, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 394a
  • Dalʹ, V. I. (1881), “кибитка”, in Tolkovyj slovarʹ živovo velikorusskovo jazyka [Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 2nd edition, Saint Petersburg, Moscow: Izdanije knigoprodavca-tipografa M.O. Volʹfa, page 107a
  • Levitskaja, L. S.; Dybo, A. V.; Rassadin, V. I. (1997) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ tjurkskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Turkic Languages][1] (in Russian), volume V, Moscow: Jazyki russkoj kulʹtury, pages 16–17
  • Miklosich, Franz (1886) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der slavischen Sprachen (in German), Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller, page 116
  • кибитка”, in Slovarʹ russkix narodnyx govorov [Dictionary of Russian Dialects] (in Russian), volume 13, Moscow, Saint Petersburg: Nauka, 1977, page 194b
  • Vasmer, Max (1964), “кибита”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume I, translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress, pages 227–228