лошадь

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Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From лоша (loša) +‎ -дь (-dĭ). The suffix is the same as in Old Church Slavonic ослѣдь (oslědĭ, onager, wild ass).

Noun[edit]

лошадь (lošadĭf (related adjective лошадинъ, diminutive лошадька)

  1. horse
    Synonyms: конь (konĭ), кобꙑла (kobyla), комонь (komonĭ)

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1902), “лошадь”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volume 2 (Л – П), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 48
  • Avanesov, R. I., editor (1991), “лошадь”, in Словарь древнерусского языка (XI–XIV вв.): в 10 т. [Dictionary of the Old Russian Language (11ᵗʰ–14ᵗʰ cc.): in 10 vols] (in Russian), volume 4 (изживати – молениѥ), Moscow: Russian Lang., →ISBN, page 429
  • Filin, F. P., editor (1981), “лошадь”, in Словарь русского языка XI–XVII вв. [Dictionary of the Russian Language: 11ᵗʰ–17ᵗʰ cc.] (in Russian), issue 8 (крада – лящина), Moscow: Nauka, page 288

Old Ruthenian[edit]

ло́шадь

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic лошадь (lošadĭ). Cognate with Russian ло́шадь (lóšadʹ), which is from Middle Russian ло́шадь (lóšadʹ).

Noun[edit]

лошадь (lošadʹf animal

  1. horse
    Synonym: конь (konʹ)

Further reading[edit]

  • Chikalo, M. I., editor (2013), “лошадъ, лошатъ”, in Словник української мови XVI – I пол. XVII ст. [Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language: 16ᵗʰ – 1ˢᵗ half of 17ᵗʰ c.] (in Ukrainian), issue 16 (легкомыслность – лѧчи), Lviv: KIUS, →ISBN, page 104
  • Bulyka, A. M., editor (1998), “лошадь”, in Гістарычны слоўнік беларускай мовы [Historical Dictionary of the Belarusian Language] (in Belarusian), issue 17 (лесничий – местский), Minsk: Belaruskaia navuka, →ISBN, page 124

Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru
Лошадь

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic лошадь (lošadĭ), from лоша (loša), a Turkic borrowing; compare Tatar алаша (alaşa, pack horse), Chuvash лаша (laš̬a, horse), Kazakh алаша (alaşa, a kind of camel), Crimean Tatar алаша (horse), etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɫoʂətʲ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ло́шадь (lóšadʹf anim (genitive ло́шади, nominative plural ло́шади, genitive plural лошаде́й, relational adjective лошади́ный, diminutive лоша́дка)

  1. horse
    Synonyms: конь (konʹ), кобы́ла (kobýla), рыса́к (rysák), скаку́н (skakún), кля́ча (kljáča), сивка (sivka)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Buck, Carl Darling (1949) A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, page 169a
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “лошадь”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress