мат

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Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Borrowing from French mat, short for échec et mat, from Persian شاه مات (šâh mât), from Arabic شَاهُ مَاتَ (šāhu māta, the king is dead).

Noun[edit]

мат (matm inan (genitive ма́та, nominative plural ма́ты, genitive plural ма́тов)

  1. (chess) checkmate, mate (Russian notation: ×)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French mat, probably from Latin mattus.

Noun[edit]

мат (matm inan (genitive ма́та, uncountable)

  1. (singular only) mat, matte finish, frost (glass)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

гимнастический мат

Borrowing from English mat or Dutch mat.

Noun[edit]

мат (matm inan (genitive ма́та, nominative plural ма́ты, genitive plural ма́тов)

  1. mat, floor mat (woven floor covering, or soft floor pad in athletics)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru

Abbreviated from the expression ма́терная брань (máternaja branʹ), ultimately from мать (matʹ, mother).[1]

Noun[edit]

мат (matm inan (genitive ма́та, uncountable)

  1. (colloquial) foul language; language that includes obscene words deriving from a small set of roots for sex, sexual organs, and sexuality
    покрыва́ть ма́томpokryvátʹ mátomto heap scurrilous abuse on someone
    крича́ть благи́м ма́томkričátʹ blagím mátomto scream blue murder
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Н. М. Шанский; Т. А. Боброва (2004), “мат (3)”, in Школьный этимологический словарь русского языка. Происхождение слов (in Russian), Дрофа