мат

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Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Borrowing from French mat, short for échec et mat, from Persian شاه مات (shah mat, the king is ambushed).

Noun[edit]

мат (matm inan (genitive ма́та, nominative plural ма́ты, genitive plural ма́тов)

  1. (chess) checkmate, mate (Russian notation: ×)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from French mat, probably from Latin mattus.

Noun[edit]

мат (matm inan (genitive ма́та, uncountable)

  1. (singular only) mat, matte finish, frost (glass)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

гимнастический мат

Borrowing from English mat or Dutch mat.

Noun[edit]

мат (matm inan (genitive ма́та, nominative plural ма́ты, genitive plural ма́тов)

  1. mat, floor mat (woven floor covering, or soft floor pad in athletics)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Abbreviated from the expression ма́терная брань (máternaja branʹ), ultimately from мать (matʹ, mother).[1]

Noun[edit]

мат (matm inan (genitive ма́та, uncountable)

  1. (colloquial) abusive language that includes the obscene use of the word мать (mother)
    покрыва́ть ма́томpokryvátʹ mátomto heap scurrilous abuse on someone
    крича́ть благи́м ма́томkričátʹ blagím mátomto scream blue murder
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Н. М. Шанский; Т. А. Боброва (2004), “мат (3)”, in Школьный этимологический словарь русского языка. Происхождение слов (in Russian), Дрофа