об

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi.

Preposition[edit]

об (ob)

  1. on, at
  2. through
  3. during

References[edit]

  • Mali staroslavensko-hrvatski rječnik, Matica hrvatska, Zagreb, 2004

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɐp] (before voiceless consonants)
  • IPA(key): [ɐb] (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • (file)
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

об (ob)

  1. (+ prepositional case) about, of, on
    Я узна́л мно́го об икре́Ja uznál mnógo ob ikréI found out a lot about caviar.
  2. (+ accusative case) against, upon
    опира́ться об окно́opirátʹsja ob oknóto lean against the window

Usage notes[edit]

  • The об form is usually unstressed. It is stressed in the idioms рука́ о́‎б ру́ку (ruká ó‎b rúku), как о́‎б стену горо́х (kak ó‎b stenu goróx). It can be stressed or unstressed in the word combination о́‎б пол (ó‎b pol) (об по́‎л (ob pó‎l)).
  • When governing the prepositional case, об is used before vowels. However, both об and о can occur before the possessive pronoun их (ix).
  • When governing the accusative case, об is used before vowels and variably before liquids in the written language. In the colloquial language, об is used before all words.

Tajik[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian آب
Iranian Persian آب
Tajiki Persian об (ob)

об (ob)

  1. water

Related terms[edit]