об

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi.

Preposition[edit]

об (ob)

  1. on, at
  2. through
  3. during

References[edit]

  • Mali staroslavensko-hrvatski rječnik, Matica hrvatska, Zagreb, 2004

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɐp] (before voiceless consonants)
  • IPA(key): [ɐb] (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • (file)
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

об (ob)

  1. (+ prepositional case) about, of, on
    Я узна́л мно́го об икре́Ja uznál mnógo ob ikréI found out a lot about caviar.
  2. (+ accusative case) against, upon
    опира́ться об окно́opirátʹsja ob oknóto lean against the window

Usage notes[edit]

  • The об form is usually unstressed. It is stressed in the idioms рука́ о́б ру́ку (ruká ób rúku), как о́б стену горо́х (kak ób stenu goróx). It can be stressed or unstressed in the word combination о́б пол (ób pol) (об по́л (ob pól)).
  • When governing the prepositional case, об is used before vowels. However, both об and о can occur before the possessive pronoun их (ix).
  • When governing the accusative case, об is used before vowels and variably before liquids in the written language. In the colloquial language, об is used before all words.

Tajik[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian آب
Iranian Persian
Tajik об (ob)

об (ob)

  1. water

Related terms[edit]