об

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi.

Preposition[edit]

об (ob)

  1. on, at
  2. through
  3. during

References[edit]

  • Mali staroslavensko-hrvatski rječnik, Matica hrvatska, Zagreb, 2004

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • о (o) (usually before consonants)
  • обо (obo) (before some words such as мне or все)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɐp] (before voiceless consonants)
  • IPA(key): [ɐb] (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

об (ob)

  1. (+ prepositional case): about, of, on
    Я узна́л мно́го об икре́Ja uznál mnógo ob ikréI found out a lot about caviar.
  2. (+ accusative case): against, upon
    опира́ться об окно́opirátʹsja ob oknóto lean against the window

Pronunciation and usage notes[edit]

The об form is usually unstressed. It is stressed in the idioms рука о́‎б руку, как о́‎б стену горох. It can be stressed or unstressed in the word combination о́‎б пол (об по́‎л).

The об form is usually used before vowels and in the idioms как рыба об лёд, рука об руку, and also in the combinations об стену, об пол. Sometimes, especially in colloquial speech, it can be used before any consonant. Before a iotated vowel and before the pronoun их both forms, об and o, are used interchangeably.

Instead of его, её, the forms beginning with н- are used: об него, об неё (о него, о неё are also used).


Tajik[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari آب
Iranian Persian آب
Tajik об (ob)

об (ob)

  1. water

Related terms[edit]