оно

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ono.

Pronoun[edit]

оно ‎(ono)

  1. it
  2. nominative and accusative singular neuter of онъ(onŭ)

See also[edit]

  • ѥ(je)

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

оно́ ‎(onó) ‎(masculine counterpart он, feminine counterpart она́)

  1. third-person neuter singular pronoun: it.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него́(ot nevó) (from it), на нём(na njóm) (on it), у него́(u nevó) (it has), к нему́(k nemú) (to it), с ним(s nim) (with it).
  • The explanation for this н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν(σύν), Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that сън им became modern с ним(s nim), and then this was generalized to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его́(jevó) (i.e., when его́(jevó) is a possessive pronoun), then н- is not prefixed: в его́ положе́нии(v jevó položénii) (in its position), о его́ тка́ни(o jevó tkáni) (about its fabric), с его́ ве́сом(s jevó vésom) (with its weight).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of оно, the н- is not added: у самого́ его́(u samovó jevó) (with it itself).

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǒno/
  • Hyphenation: о‧но

Pronoun[edit]

о̀но ‎(Latin spelling òno)

  1. it

Declension[edit]