оно

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ono.

Pronoun[edit]

оно (ono)

  1. it
  2. nominative and accusative singular neuter of онъ (onŭ)

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

оно (onó) (masculine counterpart он, feminine counterpart она)

  1. third-person neuter singular pronoun: it.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него (ot negó, from it), на нём (na njom, on it), у него (u negó, it has), к нему (k nemú, to it), с ним (s nim, with it).
  • The explanation for this н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν, Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that сън им became modern с ним, and then this was generalized to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его (i.e., when его is a possessive pronoun), then н- is not prefixed: в его положении (v jegó položénii, in its position), о его ткани (o jegó tkáni, about its fabric), с его весом (s jegó vésom, with its weight).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of оно, the н- is not added: у самого его (u samogó jegó, with it itself).

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǒno/
  • Hyphenation: о‧но

Pronoun[edit]

о̀но (Latin spelling òno)

  1. it

Declension[edit]