оно

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ono.

Pronoun[edit]

оно (ono)

  1. it
  2. nominative and accusative singular neuter of онъ (onŭ)

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

оно (onó) (masculine counterpart он, feminine counterpart она)

  1. third-person neuter singular pronoun: it.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- must be prefixed to the pronoun: от (ot) него (ot negó, from it), на (na) нём (na njom, on it), у (u) него (u negó, it has), к (k) нему (k nemú, to it), с (s) ним (s nim, with it).
  • The explanation for this н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν, Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that сън им became modern с (s) ним, and then this was generalized to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его (jego) (i.e., when его (jego) is a possessive pronoun), then н- is not prefixed: в (v) его (jego) положении (položenii) (v jegó položénii, in its position), о (o) его (jego) ткани (tkani) (o jegó tkáni, about its fabric), с (s) его (jego) весом (vesom) (s jegó vésom, with its weight).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of оно, the н- is not added: у (u) самого (samogo) его (u samogó jegó, with it itself).

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ona, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǒno/
  • Hyphenation: о‧но

Pronoun[edit]

о̀но (Latin spelling òno)

  1. it

Declension[edit]