отец

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *otьcь, from Proto-Indo-European *átta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

отец ‎(otécm

  1. father

Inflection[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *otьcь, from Proto-Indo-European *átta.

Noun[edit]

отец ‎(otecm

  1. father (religious)

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *otьcь, from Proto-Indo-European *átta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

оте́ц ‎(otécm anim ‎(genitive отца́, nominative plural отцы́, genitive plural отцо́в)

  1. father
    крёстный оте́ц‎ ― krjóstnyj otécgodfather
    духо́вный оте́ц‎ ― duxóvnyj otécconfessor (see also духовник, исповедник)
    свято́й оте́ц‎ ― svjatój otécpriest
    посажённый оте́ц‎ ― posažónnyj otéc ― (at a wedding) proxy, sponsor
    отцов много, а мать одна́(saying)otcov mnogo, a matʹ odná ― there are many fathers but only one mother
    не хвали́сь отцо́м, а хвали́сь сы́ном-молодцо́м(proverb)ne xvalísʹ otcóm, a xvalísʹ sýnom-molodcóm ― don’t be proud of father, but take pride in a good son
    муж жене́ оте́ц, жена́ му́жу вене́ц(proverb)muž žené otéc, žená múžu venéc ― a husband is a father to his wife, and the wife is a crown for him
  2. ancestor
    отцы́ на́ши э́того не знава́ли и нам не приказа́ли(saying)otcý náši étovo ne znaváli i nam ne prikazáli ― our ancestors didn’t know of this and didn’t guide us.
  3. (figuratively) senior, superior, first of, chief
    Арара́т-гора́всем гора́м оте́ц‎ ― Ararát-gorá — vsem gorám otéc ― Mount Ararat is the father of mountains
  4. familiar term of address for an elderly man
  5. (figuratively, colloquial) referring to a man who cares about sоmеbody or something like a father
    как родно́й оте́ц‎ ― kak rodnój otéc ― like one’s own father
    Адам — оте́ц ро́да челове́ческого‎ ― Adam — otéc róda čelovéčeskovoAdam is the Father of man
    Сталин — оте́ц народов‎ ― Stalin — otéc narodovStalin is the father of the nations
  6. (figuratively, colloquial) founder, initiator of something
    Дарвин — оте́ц тео́рии эволю́ции‎ ― Darvin — otéc teórii evoljúcii ― Darwin is the founder of the theory of evolution
    оте́ц враче́бной нау́ки‎ ― otéc vračébnoj naúki ― father of medicine (about Hippocratus)
    отцы́-основатели‎ ― otcý-osnovateli ― Founding Fathers
  7. (figuratively) root, basis, source
    санскри́тский язы́к — оте́ц языко́в европе́йских‎ ― sanskrítskij jazýk — otéc jazykóv jevropéjskixSanskrit is a root of the Indo-European languages
    нужда́ оте́ц дога́дки(proverb)nuždá otéc dogádkiliterally need is the father of wit

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • отец in Большой толковый словарь, editor-in-chief С. А. Кузнецов – hosted at gramota.ru