отец

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *otьcь, from Proto-Indo-European *átta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

отец (otécm

  1. father

Inflection[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *otьcь, from Proto-Indo-European *átta.

Noun[edit]

отец (otecm

  1. (Christianity) Father (religious)

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *otьcь, from Proto-Indo-European *átta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

оте́ц (otécm anim (genitive отца́, nominative plural отцы́, genitive plural отцо́в)

  1. father
    крёстный оте́цkrjóstnyj otécgodfather
    духо́вный оте́цduxóvnyj otécconfessor (see also духовник, исповедник)
    свято́й оте́цsvjatój otécpriest
    посажённый оте́цposažónnyj otéc(at a wedding) proxy, sponsor
    отцов много, а мать одна́ (saying)otcov mnogo, a matʹ odnáthere are many fathers but only one mother
    не хвали́сь отцо́м, а хвали́сь сы́ном-молодцо́м (proverb)ne xvalísʹ otcóm, a xvalísʹ sýnom-molodcómdon’t be proud of father, but take pride in a good son
    муж жене́ оте́ц, жена́ му́жу вене́ц (proverb)muž žené otéc, žená múžu venéca husband is a father to his wife, and the wife is a crown for him
  2. ancestor
    отцы́ на́ши э́того не знава́ли и нам не приказа́ли (saying)otcý náši étovo ne znaváli i nam ne prikazáliour ancestors didn’t know of this and didn’t guide us.
  3. (figuratively) senior, superior, first of, chief, sensei
    Арара́т-гора́всем гора́м оте́цArarát-gorá — vsem gorám otécMount Ararat is the father of mountains
  4. familiar term of address for an elderly man
  5. (figuratively, colloquial) referring to a man who cares about sоmеbody or something like a father
    как родно́й оте́цkak rodnój otéclike one’s own father
    Адам — оте́ц ро́да челове́ческогоAdam — otéc róda čelovéčeskovoAdam is the Father of man
    Сталин — оте́ц народовStalin — otéc narodovStalin is the father of the nations
  6. (figuratively, colloquial) founder, initiator of something
    Дарвин — оте́ц тео́рии эволю́цииDarvin — otéc teórii evoljúciiDarwin is the founder of the theory of evolution
    оте́ц враче́бной нау́киotéc vračébnoj naúkifather of medicine (about Hippocratus)
    отцы́-основателиotcý-osnovateliFounding Fathers
  7. (figuratively) root, basis, source
    санскри́тский язы́к — оте́ц языко́в европе́йскихsanskrítskij jazýk — otéc jazykóv jevropéjskixSanskrit is a root of the Indo-European languages
    нужда́ оте́ц дога́дки (proverb)nuždá otéc dogádki(please add an English translation of this usage example) (literally, “need is the father of wit”)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • отец in Большой толковый словарь, editor-in-chief С. А. Кузнецов – hosted at gramota.ru