первый

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Russian[edit]

Russian numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0 1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: оди́н (odín)
    Ordinal: пе́рвый (pérvyj)
    Ordinal abbreviation: 1-ый (1-yj)
    Adverbial: одна́жды (odnáždy)
    Multiplier: одино́кий (odinókij)
    Collective: одно́е (odnóje)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pьrvъ (first), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *pírˀwas, from Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂wós, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *per- (before, formerly; through, throughout).

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian pìrmas (first; primary), Latvian pìrmaĩs, Old Prussian pirmas (first).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit पूर्व (pū́rva, foremost, first, previous) and English fore.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpʲervɨj]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

пе́рвый (pérvyj)

  1. first
    пе́рвый день неде́лиpérvyj denʹ nedélithe first day of the week
  2. chief, main

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Kildin Sami: пе̄рвэ (pʹērve)
  • Yakut: пиэрибэй (pieribey)

See also[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]