разум

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *orzumъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ра́зум (rázumm

  1. (uncountable) the power of comprehending, inferring, or thinking especially in orderly rational ways, reason, intelligence, mind, wit, intellect
  2. (countable) an entity that has that power, a mind, an intelligence

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic разоумъ (razumŭ), from Proto-Slavic *orzumъ, equivalent to modern раз- (raz-) +‎ ум (um). Probably a biblical calque of Ancient Greek διάνοια (diánoia).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

разум (razumm (relational adjective разумен)

  1. reason, mind
  2. capacity of thought: intelligence, understanding

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic разоумъ (razumŭ), from Proto-Slavic *orzumъ. Displaced native *розум (*rozum).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈrazʊm]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ра́зум (rázumm inan (genitive ра́зума, nominative plural ра́зумы, genitive plural ра́зумов, relational adjective разу́мный)

  1. reason, mind, intellect
    Synonyms: интелле́кт (intellékt), рассу́док (rassúdok), ум (um)
    ум за ра́зум захо́дитum za rázum zaxóditlosing one's mind
    научи́ть уму́-ра́зумуnaučítʹ umú-rázumuto teach smb. some good sense

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “разум”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress

Further reading[edit]

  • разум in Большой толковый словарь, editor-in-chief С. А. Кузнецов – hosted at gramota.ru

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *orzumъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /râzuːm/
  • Hyphenation: ра‧зум

Noun[edit]

ра̏зӯм m (Latin spelling rȁzūm)

  1. (uncountable) reason, mind, intellect

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]