район

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Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1865. Borrowed from French rayon, from rai + -on, from Latin radius.

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Is this from French "rayon" etymology 1 (< Latin radius) or etymology 2 (< Frankish for honeycomb)? Our English article raion disagrees.”

Regardless of etymology, not cognate with the English region, of which it is a false friend.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [rɐˈjɵn]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

райо́н (rajónm inan (genitive райо́на, nominative plural райо́ны, genitive plural райо́нов, relational adjective райо́нный)

  1. district
  2. region, area

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: raion
  • Ingrian: raijona, rajona
  • Romanian: raion
  • Yakut: оройуон (oroyuon)

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “район”, in , Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Chernykh, P. Ja. (1993), “район”, in Историко-этимологический словарь русского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2 (панцирь – ящур), 3rd edition, Moscow: Russian Lang., →ISBN, page 96

Ukrainian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

райо́н (rajónm inan (genitive райо́ну, nominative plural райо́ни, genitive plural райо́нів)

  1. district
  2. region, area
  3. raion

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]