рити

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Verb[edit]

рити ‎(riti)

  1. to till

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ryti, from Proto-Slavic *rūti. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *rū-, *rou-. Related to the vowel ordering of Ukrainian рвати ‎(rváty, to tear), from Old East Slavic ръвати ‎(rŭvati, to tear), from Proto-Slavic *rŭvati, from Proto-Indo-European *reu-, *rū-, *rŭ-.

Compare Russian рыть ‎(rytʹ), Belarusian рыць, Old East Slavic рꙑти ‎(ryti), Polish ryć, Upper Sorbian ryć, Czech rýt, Slovak ryť, Lower Sorbian ryś, Polabian råjě, Bulgarian рия ‎(rija), Macedonian рие ‎(rie), Serbo-Croatian ри̏ти ‎(to root, smell out), Slovene ríti, Old Church Slavonic рꙑти ‎(ryti).

Related to Lithuanian ráuti ‎(to root, dig), rūtis ‎(potato pit, cellar), Sanskrit रवति ‎(rávati, breaks up, fragments), Irish ruam ‎(spade, shovel).

Verb[edit]

ри́ти ‎(rýty?

  1. To dig, excavate (e.g. a well, рити колодязь rýty kolodjáz’).
  2. To root, as a pig.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From late Proto-Slavic *ryti ‎(to carve). Compare ри́ти ‎(rýty, to dig), деревори́т ‎(derevorýt, woodcut).

Also compare Old East Slavic рꙑтиꙗ ‎(rytija), Polish ryć ‎(to carve, engrave), rytować ‎(to carve, engrave), Czech rýt ‎(to dig, engrave), rytí ‎(engraving), Slovak ryť ‎(to dig, cut), rytie ‎(sculpture), Upper Sorbian ryć ‎(to dig, engrave).

Verb[edit]

ри́ти ‎(rýty?

  1. (dialectal) to engrave
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (2006), “рити”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume V, Kiev: Naukova Dumka, pages 82—83
  • Rudnycʼkyj, Jaroslav B. (1982), “рвати”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (in Ukrainian), volume II, Ottawa: Ukrainian Mohylo-Mazepian Academy of Sciences, Ukrainian Language Association, page 942