рити

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Verb[edit]

рити (riti)

  1. to till

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ryti, from Proto-Slavic *rūti. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *rū-, *rou-. Related to the vowel ordering of Ukrainian рвати (rváty, to tear), from Old East Slavic ръвати (rŭvati, to tear), from Proto-Slavic *rŭvati, from Proto-Indo-European *reu-, *h₃rew-, *rū-, *rŭ-.

Compare Russian рыть (rytʹ), Belarusian рыць, Old East Slavic рꙑти (ryti), Polish ryć, Upper Sorbian ryć, Czech rýt, Slovak ryť, Lower Sorbian ryś, Polabian råjě, Bulgarian рия (rija), Macedonian рие (rie), Serbo-Croatian ри̏ти (to root, smell out), Slovene ríti, Old Church Slavonic рꙑти (ryti).

Related to Lithuanian ráuti (to root, dig), rūtis (potato pit, cellar), Sanskrit रवति (rávati, breaks up, fragments), Irish ruam (spade, shovel).

Verb[edit]

ри́ти (rýty?

  1. To dig, excavate
    рити колодязьrýty kolodjáz’(please add an English translation of this usage example)
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  2. To root, as a pig.
  3. To search in
    ритися в архівахrytysja v arxivax(please add an English translation of this usage example)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From late Proto-Slavic *ryti (to carve). Compare ри́ти (rýty, to dig), деревори́т (derevorýt, woodcut).

Also compare Old East Slavic рꙑтиꙗ (rytija), Polish ryć (to carve, engrave), rytować (to carve, engrave), Czech rýt (to dig, engrave), rytí (engraving), Slovak ryť (to dig, cut), rytie (sculpture), Upper Sorbian ryć (to dig, engrave).

Verb[edit]

ри́ти (rýty?

  1. (dialectal) to engrave
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (2006), “рити”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume V, Kiev: Naukova Dumka, pages 82—83
  • Rudnycʼkyj, Jaroslav B. (1982), “рвати”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (in Ukrainian), volume II, Ottawa: Ukrainian Mohylo-Mazepian Academy of Sciences, Ukrainian Language Association, page 942