страна

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *stornà (side, land); morphologically from стор (stor, spread, extension) (obsolete, archaic) +‎ -на (-na).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

страна́ (stranáf (related adjective стра́нен)

  1. side, facet
    Synonyms: край (kraj), (archaic) пола́ (polá)
    от една́ страна́ ..., от дру́га страна́ ...
    ot edná straná ..., ot drúga straná ...
    on the one hand ..., on the other hand ... (literally: from one side ..., from another side ...)
    оста́вам/стоя́ на страна́ (от)
    ostávam/stojá na straná (ot)
    to remain/to stay aside (from), to remain impartial (to)
    о́пака страна́ópaka stranáopposite, inverse side/face
    на отсре́щната страна́na otsréštnata stranáon the opposite side
  2. direction, orientation (including cardinal direction)
    Synonyms: посо́ка (posóka), направле́ние (napravlénie)
    зави́вам на дру́га страна́zavívam na drúga stranáto turn in another direction
    и́зточна страна́íztočna stranáeast orientation
  3. country, land, region
    ро́дна страна́ródna stranáhomeland
    разви́та страна́razvíta stranádeveloped country
    бли́зки и дале́чни страни́blízki i daléčni stranínear and far countries
  4. (figuratively) viewpoint, perspective, angle
    Synonyms: гле́дище (glédište), стано́вище (stanóvište)
    от страна́ наot straná nafrom the point of view of
  5. (figuratively) side, aspect, nuance (of character, personality)
    Synonyms: осо́беност (osóbenost), аспе́кт (aspékt)
    скри́та страна́ на не́чий хара́ктерskríta straná na néčij haráktera hidden side of someone's character
  6. (colloquial) cheek (any of the two sides of the face)
    Synonym: бу́за (búza)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • страна in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • страна in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)
  • страна in Исторически речник на Българския език, Sofia University St. Clement Ohridsky"

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *stornà (side, land).

Noun[edit]

страна (stranaf (plural страни)

  1. side
  2. page

Declension[edit]


Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *storna.

Noun[edit]

страна (stranaf

  1. side
  2. country, region
    • from the Life of Constantine:
      оучителѧ не имамъ таковаго, иже бꙑ нꙑ въ свои ꙗзꙑкъ истоую вѣроу христꙇаньскоую сказалъ, да бꙑша и инꙑ странꙑ того зрѧще подобилисѧ намъ.
      učitelę ne imamŭ takovago, iže by ny vŭ svoi jazykŭ istuju věru xristꙇanĭskuju skazalŭ, da byša i iny strany togo zręšte podobilisę namŭ.
      we have no such teacher who would explain the true Christian faith to us in our own tongue, so that even the countries here, seeing this, might emulate us.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Miklosich, Franz (1850) Lexicon linguae Slovenicae. Veteris dialecti[1], Vienna
  • Бояджиев, Андрей (2016) Старобългарска читанка[2], София

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic страна (strana), from Proto-Slavic *storna. Compare the regular East-Slavic reflex with pleophony сторона́ (storoná).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [strɐˈna]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

страна́ (stranáf inan (genitive страны́, nominative plural стра́ны, genitive plural стран)

  1. country
  2. region
    четы́ре страны́ све́таčetýre straný svétathe four cardinal points

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “страна”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *storna.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /strǎːna/
  • Hyphenation: стра‧на
  • Rhymes: -ǎːna

Noun[edit]

стра́на f (Latin spelling strána)

  1. side
  2. page (of a book)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]