черен

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See also: чёрен

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic чрьнъ (črĭnŭ), from Proto-Slavic *čьrnъ, from Proto-Indo-European *kr̥snós (black).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

че́рен (čéren) (adverb че́рно)

  1. black
    че́рен пиперčéren piperblack pepper
  2. gloomy

Alternative forms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Bulgarian · цветове (cvetove) (layout · text)
     бял (bjal)      сив (siv), сяр (sjar), сур (sur), грив (griv)      черен (čeren), вран (vran), вакъл (vakǎl)
             ален (alen); червен (červen), румен (rumen), риж (riž); багър (bagǎr)              оранжев (oranžev), гранив (graniv), руд (rud); кафяв (kafjav), смядов (smjadov)              жълт (žǎlt); бежов (bežov), кремав (kremav)
             резедав (rezedav)              зелен (zelen)             
             плав (plav)              небесносин (nebesnosin), лазурен (lazuren)              син (sin); модър (modǎr)
             виолетов (violetov), вишняв (višnjav); индиго (indigo)              цикламен (ciklamen); лилав (lilav), пурпурен (purpuren)              розов (rozov)

References[edit]

  • черен in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)

Northern Altai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *jẹgre-n ((of hair) red).

Noun[edit]

черен (čeren)

  1. red

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic черенъ (čerenŭ), from Proto-Slavic *černъ. Per Vasmer, probably related to Russian ко́рень (kórenʹ, root) as well as Lithuanian kẽras (bush, root, stump), Old Prussian kirno (bush), Ancient Greek κράνος (krános, cornelian cherry), Latin cornus (cornelian cherry).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

че́рен (čérenm inan (genitive че́рена, nominative plural че́рены or чере́нья, genitive plural че́ренов or чере́ньев)

  1. (dialectal) small handle

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “черен”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress