что

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *čьto, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, *kʷis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʂto] (phonetic respelling: што)
  • (file)

Conjunction[edit]

что ‎(što) (invariable)

  1. that
    Я ду́маю, что он до́ма.‎ ― Ja dúmaju, što on dóma. ― I think (that) he’s home.

Pronoun[edit]

что ‎(što)

  1. (interrogative) what
    Что э́то?‎ ― Što éto?What is this?
    Он не зна́ет, что э́то зна́чит.‎ ― On ne znájet, što éto znáčit. ― He doesn’t know what this means.
  2. (nonstandard, relative) that, which
    Кни́га, что на столе́.‎ ― Kníga, što na stolé. ― The book that is on the table.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • In informal speech, the genitive form чего́(čevó) often replaces the accusative and sometimes the nominative.

Synonyms[edit]

  • чё(čo) or чо(čo) (interrogative pronoun only, non-standard, highly colloquial but common, not used in writing)
    Ну чё, пошли́ что́ ли?‎ ― Nu čó, pošlí štó li? ― Well, let's go!
    Чё он хо́чет от меня́?‎ ― Čó on xóčet ot menjá? ― What (the hell) does he want from me?
  • шо(šo) (same as above, used in the South of European Russia or by Russian speakers in Ukraine)
  • кото́рый(kotóryj) (standard relative pronoun)

Related terms[edit]


Derived terms[edit]

Pronouns (declined as nouns)

Pronouns (indeclinable)

Adverbs and Interjections

Conjunctions

Verbs