что

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *čьto, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, *kʷis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʂto] (phonetic respelling: што)
  • (file)

Conjunction[edit]

что (što) (invariable)

  1. that
    Я ду́маю, что он до́ма.Ja dúmaju, što on dóma.I think (that) he’s home.

Pronoun[edit]

что (što)

  1. (interrogative) what
    Что э́то?Što éto?What is this?
    Он не зна́ет, что э́то зна́чит.On ne znájet, što éto znáčit.He doesn’t know what this means.
  2. (nonstandard, relative) that, which
    Кни́га, что на столе́.Kníga, što na stolé.The book that is on the table.

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • In informal speech, the genitive form чего́ (čevó) often replaces the accusative and sometimes the nominative.

Synonyms[edit]

  • чё (čo) or чо (čo) (interrogative pronoun only, non-standard, highly colloquial but common, not used in writing)
    Ну чё, пошли́, что́ ли?Nu čó, pošlí, štó li?Well, let's go!
    Чё он хо́чет от меня́?Čó on xóčet ot menjá?What (the hell) does he want from me?
  • шо (šo) (same as above, used in the South of European Russia or by Russian speakers in Ukraine)
  • кото́рый (kotóryj) (standard relative pronoun)

Related terms[edit]


Derived terms[edit]

Pronouns (declined as nouns)

Pronouns (indeclinable)

Adverbs and Interjections

Conjunctions

Verbs