что

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *čьto, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, *kʷis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

что (što) (invariable)

  1. that

Pronoun[edit]

что (što)

  1. (interrogative) what
  2. (nonstandard, relative) that, which

Declension[edit]

* Letter "ч (č)" in nominative and accusative "что" is pronounced as /ʂ/, not /t͡ɕ/.
** Letter "г (g)" in genitive and accusative "чего́" is pronounced as /v/, not /g/.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In informal speech, the genitive form чего (čego) often replaces the accusative and sometimes the nominative.

Synonyms[edit]

  • чё or чо (čo) (interrogative pronoun only, non-standard, highly colloquial but common, not used in writing)
    Ну чё, пошли́ что ли? — Well, let's go!
    Чё он хо́чет от меня́? — What (the hell) does he want from me?
  • шо (šo) (same as above, used in the South of European Russia or by Russian speakers in Ukraine)
  • который (standard relative pronoun)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]