шар

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic шаръ (šarŭ), probably of Oghur origin, related to the adjective Proto-Turkic *siarïg (bright, yellow). Akin to the first element in the name of the Šaraghur tribe.

Noun[edit]

шар (šarm

  1. (obsolete, dialectal) spot, shade, tinge
  2. (archaic) hue
    Synonyms: боя (boja), багра (bagra)
  3. (abstract) pattern, texture

Usage notes[edit]

In the standard language, the diminutive form шарка (šarka) is more often used.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • шар in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • шаръ in Исторически речник на българския език, Sofia University "St. Clement Ohridsky"

Kalmyk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *sïra, compare Buryat шара (šara).

Adjective[edit]

шар (şar)

  1. yellow

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic шар
Arabic شار

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *čar (whetstone, sickle , to whet).

Cognate with Bashkir сар (sar), Karakalpak shar, Nogai шар (şar), Kumyk чар (çar, whetstone, spool), Kyrgyz чар (çar, whetstone), Southern Altai чар (čar, whetstone), Tatar чар (çar, whetstone, mill stone), Shor шар, Tuvan шар (şar, whetstone), Yakut сардаҕа (sardağa), Dolgan сардаана (sardaana, short heavy arrow with a broad head), etc.

Noun[edit]

шар (şar)

  1. whetstone

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Russian шар (šar, ball).

Noun[edit]

шар (şar)

  1. (geometry) ball
Declension[edit]

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *šarъ. Doublet of шара (šara, pattern, design).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

шар (šarm (plural шари)

  1. colorfulness
  2. (rare) color

Mongolian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

  1. From Proto-Mongolic *sïra, compare Buryat шара (šara), Dongxiang shira.
  2. Akin to Proto-Turkic *siarïg (yellow, white), compare Turkish sarı (yellow), Chuvash шурӑ (šură, white).
  3. Doublet of Doublet of шарга (sharga, tawny).

Adjective[edit]

шар (shar)

  1. yellow
  2. heartburn
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Colors in Mongolian · өнгө (öngö) (layout · text)
     цагаан (tsagaan)      саарал (saaral)      хар (khar)
             улаан (ulaan); хүрэн улаан (khüren ulaan)              улбар шар (ulbar shar); бор (bor), хүрэн (khüren)              шар (shar); хул (khul),
цайвар шар (tsaivar shar)
             цайвар ногоон (tsaivar nogoon)              ногоон (nogoon)             
             цэнхэр (tsenkher); номин ногоон (nomin nogoon)              номин (nomin)              хөх (khökh)
             нил (nil); индиго (indigo)              улаан ягаан (ulaan yagaan); час улаан (chas ulaan)              ягаан (yagaan)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

шар (shar)

  1. ox
See also[edit]

Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unclear. Perhaps related (although Vasmer found it unconvincing) to Old Church Slavonic шаръ (šarŭ, color, paint), Old Church Slavonic шарити (šariti, to paint), Old Church Slavonic шаръчи (šarŭči, painter), which probably derive from an early Turkic borrowing into Slavic; cf. Proto-Turkic *siarïg (yellow, white). In that case, the sense development might have been “color, paint” → “spot” → “round object”.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʂar]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ar

Noun[edit]

шар (šarm inan (genitive ша́ра, nominative plural шары́, genitive plural шаро́в, related adjective шарово́й, diminutive ша́рик)

  1. ball, solid sphere
  2. (mathematics) ball (the set of points lying within a given distance from a given point)
  3. balloon

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • After the numbers 2, 3 and 4, and related higher numbers, the stress in the genitive singular falls on the final syllable: два́дцать два́ шара́ (dvádcatʹ dvá šará, twenty-two balls/balloons). In the mathematical sense, however, ша́ра is used even when counting: три ша́ра (tri šára, three (mathematical) balls).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Kazakh: шар (şar)

Further reading[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian шар (šar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ша̑р m (Latin spelling šȃr)

  1. Earth, globe (spherical model of Earth)
  2. firmament, welkin
  3. natural beauty

Tabasaran[edit]

Noun[edit]

шар (šar)

  1. water

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Сравнительная фонетика лезгинских языков (1980), page 172

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic шаръ (šarŭ, color, paint), Old Church Slavonic шарити (šariti, to paint)?

Noun[edit]

шар (šarm pers (genitive [please provide], nominative plural [please provide])

  1. layer
    снігови́й шарsnihovýj šarlayer of snow
  2. stratum
  3. annual ring of a tree