шар

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic шаръ (šarŭ), probably of Oghur origin, related to the adjective Proto-Turkic *siarïg (bright, yellow). Akin to the first element in the name of the Šaraghur tribe.

Noun[edit]

шар (šarm

  1. (obsolete, dialectal) spot, shade, tinge
  2. (archaic) hue
    Synonyms: боя (boja), багра (bagra)
  3. (abstract) pattern, texture

Usage notes[edit]

In the standard language, the diminutive form шарка (šarka) is more often used.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • шар in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • шаръ in Исторически речник на българския език, Sofia University "St. Clement Ohridsky"

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic шар (şar)
Arabic شار

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *čar (whetstone, sickle , to whet).

Cognate with Bashkir сар (sar), Karakalpak shar, Nogai шар (şar), Kumyk чар (çar, whetstone, spool), Kyrgyz чар (çar, whetstone), Southern Altai чар (čar, whetstone), Tatar чар (çar, whetstone, mill stone), Shor шар, Tuvan шар (şar, whetstone), Yakut сардаҕа (sardağa), Dolgan сардаана (sardaana, short heavy arrow with a broad head), etc.

Noun[edit]

шар (şar)

  1. whetstone

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Russian шар (šar, ball).

Noun[edit]

шар (şar)

  1. (geometry) ball

Declension[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *šarъ. Doublet of шара (šara, pattern, design).

Noun[edit]

шар (šarm (plural шари)

  1. colorfulness
  2. (rare) color

Mongolian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *sïra (yellow). Akin to Proto-Turkic *siarïg (yellow, white). Doublet of Doublet of шарга (šarga, tawny).

Compare Dongxiang shira, Turkish sarı (yellow), Chuvash шурӑ (šură, white).

Adjective[edit]

шар (šar)

  1. yellow
  2. heartburn
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Colors in Mongolian · өнгө (öngö) (layout · text)
     цагаан (tsagaan)      саарал (saaral)      хар (har)
             улаан (ulaan); хүрэн улаан (hüren ulaan)              улбар шар (ulbar šar); бор (bor), хүрэн (hüren)              шар (šar); хул (hul),
цайвар шар (tsajvar šar)
             цайвар ногоон (tsajvar nogoon)              ногоон (nogoon)             
             цэнхэр (tsenher); номин ногоон (nomin nogoon)              номин (nomin)              хөх (höh)
             нил (nil); индиго (indigo)              улаан ягаан (ulaan jagaan); час улаан (čas ulaan)              ягаан (jagaan)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

шар (šar)

  1. ox
See also[edit]

Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru

Etymology[edit]

Unclear. Perhaps related (although Vasmer found it unconvincing) to Old Church Slavonic шаръ (šarŭ, color, paint), Old Church Slavonic шарити (šariti, to paint), Old Church Slavonic шаръчи (šarŭči, painter), which probably derive from an early Turkic borrowing into Slavic; cf. Proto-Turkic *siarïg (yellow, white). In that case, the sense development might have been “color, paint” → “spot” → “round object”.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʂar]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ar

Noun[edit]

шар (šarm inan (genitive ша́ра or шара́*, nominative plural шары́, genitive plural шаро́в, related adjective шарово́й, diminutive ша́рик) (* After the numbers 2, 3 and 4, the stress in the genitive singular falls on the final syllable: два́дцать два́ шара́.)

  1. ball, solid sphere
  2. (mathematics) ball (the set of points lying within a given distance from a given point)
  3. balloon

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Kazakh: шар (şar)

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “шар”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian шар (šar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ша̑р m (Latin spelling šȃr)

  1. Earth, globe (spherical model of Earth)
  2. firmament, welkin
  3. natural beauty

Tabasaran[edit]

Noun[edit]

шар (šar)

  1. water

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Сравнительная фонетика лезгинских языков (1980), page 172