шить

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *šiti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sjūtei, from Proto-Indo-European *syuh₁-. Cognate to Lithuanian siūti, English sew, Latin suo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

шить (šitʹimpf (perfective сшить)

  1. (transitive) to sew
    шить на маши́нкеto sew on a machine
  2. (intransitive, only imperfective) to be occupied with sewing, to tailor
    Чем она занимается? Она шьёт. — What is she? She’s a dressmaker.
  3. (colloquial) to order (e.g., a dress)
    хочу сшить себе костюм у Левинсона — I want to order a suit from Levinson’s
  4. (only imperfective) to embroider
    шить зо́лотомembroider in gold
    шито бе́лыми ни́тками (saying)(literally) embroidered in white thread (meaning transparent to anyone)
    шить де́ло (colloquial)to cook up charges (literally: to embroider the case)
    (он) не лы́ком шит (saying)(he) was not born yesterday (literally, (he) was not embroidered in bast)
  5. (figuratively) to nail planking
    шить плотto make a raft

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

Related terms[edit]