шить

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Moksha[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ʃitʲ/

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Etymology 1[edit]

From ши (ši) +‎ -ть (, definite genitive suffix).

Noun[edit]

шить (šiť)

  1. definite singular genitive of ши (ši)

Etymology 2[edit]

From ши (ši) +‎ -ть (, adverbial suffix). Serebrennikov calls this suffix "one of the temporalis adverbial suffixes," it has been suggested that it derives from the Uralic ablative, same as Moksha -да (-da), see the latter for more. Alternatively it is to be linked with the Uralic locative *-t. This suffix is not productive, it is found only in a handful of fossilized adverbs.[1] It is etymologically unrelated to the homophonous definite genitive suffix, which is most likely of pronominal origin, cognate with тя (ťa, this).[2]

Adverb[edit]

шить (šiť)

  1. by day, during the day
    • O. Je. Poljakov (1993) Russko-mokšanskij razgovornik [Russian-Moksha phrasebook], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, →ISBN, page 49
      Мон тонафнян илять, а шить покодян
      Mon tonafńan iľať, a šiť pokoďan
      I study at night, during the day I work

References[edit]

  1. ^ Serebrennikov, B. A. (1967) Istoričeskaja morfologija mordovskix jazykov [Historical morphology of the Mordvinic languages] (in Russian), Moskva, page 33
  2. ^ Serebrennikov, B. A. (1967) Istoričeskaja morfologija mordovskix jazykov [Historical morphology of the Mordvinic languages] (in Russian), Moskva, page 46

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *šiti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sjū́ˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *syewh₁-. Cognate to Lithuanian siūti, English sew, Latin suō.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): [ʂɨtʲ]
  • Rhymes: -ɨtʲ

Verb[edit]

шить (šitʹimpf (perfective сшить)

  1. (transitive) to sew
    Synonyms: прошива́ть (prošivátʹ), стега́ть (stegátʹ), смётывать (smjótyvatʹ), строчи́ть (stročítʹ), тача́ть (tačátʹ)
    шить на маши́нкеšitʹ na mašínketo sew on a machine
  2. (intransitive, only imperfective) to be occupied with sewing, to tailor
    Synonyms: обшива́ть (obšivátʹ), портняжить (portnjažitʹ)
    Чем она́ занима́ется? Она шьёт.Čem oná zanimájetsja? Ona šʹjot.What is she? She’s a dressmaker.
  3. (colloquial) to order (e.g., a dress)
  4. (only imperfective) to embroider
    шить зо́лотомšitʹ zólotomembroider in gold
    шито бе́лыми ни́тками (saying)šito bélymi nítkamiblatantly obvious, transparent to anyone (literally, “embroidered in white thread”)
    шить де́ло (colloquial)šitʹ déloto cook up charges (literally, “to embroider the case”)
    (он) не лы́ком шит (saying)(on) ne lýkom šit(he) was not born yesterday (literally, “(he) was not embroidered in bast”)
  5. (figuratively) to nail planking
    шить плотšitʹ plotto make a raft

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

verbs

Related terms[edit]