шить

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *šiti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sjūtei, from Proto-Indo-European *syuh₁-. Cognate to Lithuanian siūti, English sew, Latin suo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

шить ‎(šitʹimpf ‎(perfective сшить)

  1. (transitive) to sew
    шить на маши́нке‎ ― šitʹ na mašínke ― to sew on a machine
  2. (intransitive, only imperfective) to be occupied with sewing, to tailor
    Чем она занимается? Она шьёт.‎ ― Čem ona zanimajetsja? Ona šʹjót. ― What is she? She’s a dressmaker.
  3. (colloquial) to order (e.g., a dress)
    хочу́ сшить себе́ костюм у Левинсона‎ ― xočú sšitʹ sebé kostjum u Levinsona ― I want to order a suit from Levinson’s
  4. (only imperfective) to embroider
    шить зо́лотом‎ ― šitʹ zólotom ― embroider in gold
    шито бе́лыми ни́тками(saying)šito bélymi nítkamiliterally "embroidered in white thread" (meaning transparent to anyone)
    шить де́ло(colloquial)šitʹ délo ― to cook up charges (literally: "to embroider the case")
    (он) не лы́ком шит(saying)(on) ne lýkom šit ― (he) was not born yesterday (literally, "(he) was not embroidered in bast")
  5. (figuratively) to nail planking
    шить плот‎ ― šitʹ plot ― to make a raft

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

Related terms[edit]