шить

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See also: щитъ

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *šiti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sjūtei, from Proto-Indo-European *syuh₁-. Cognate to Lithuanian siūti, English sew, Latin suo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

шить (šitʹimpf (perfective сшить)

  1. (transitive) to sew
    шить на маши́нкеšitʹ na mašínketo sew on a machine
  2. (intransitive, only imperfective) to be occupied with sewing, to tailor
    Чем она занимается? Она шьёт.Čem ona zanimajetsja? Ona šʹjót.What is she? She’s a dressmaker.
  3. (colloquial) to order (e.g., a dress)
    хочу́ сшить себе́ костюм у Левинсонаxočú sšitʹ sebé kostjum u LevinsonaI want to order a suit from Levinson’s
  4. (only imperfective) to embroider
    шить зо́лотомšitʹ zólotomembroider in gold
    шито бе́лыми ни́тками (saying)šito bélymi nítkamiblatantly obvious, transparent to anyone (literally, “embroidered in white thread”)
    шить де́ло (colloquial)šitʹ déloto cook up charges (literally, “to embroider the case”)
    (он) не лы́ком шит (saying)(on) ne lýkom šit(he) was not born yesterday (literally, “(he) was not embroidered in bast”)
  5. (figuratively) to nail planking
    шить плотšitʹ plotto make a raft

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

Related terms[edit]