աթոռ

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Armenian[edit]

աթոռ (1)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian աթոռ ‎(atʿoṙ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

աթոռ ‎(atʿoṙ)

  1. chair
  2. (rare) throne

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Windischmann compared with Ancient Greek θρόνος ‎(thrónos, seat, throne). The comparison was revived by Marr, who derived both from a “Japhetic” root in the framework of his discredited Japhetic theory.

Müller derived from Aramaic אתר ‎(ʾtr), אתרא ‎(ʾtrʾ, place), Classical Syriac ܐܬܪ ‎(aṯar), ܐܬܪܐ ‎(aṯrā, place), for the sense development comparing Persian گاه ‎(gâh, throne; place). This was rejected by de Lagarde, Hübschmann and Ačaṙean, who left the origin open.

Hiwnkʿearpēyēntean derived from Turkish oturmak ‎(to take a sit), oturak ‎(seat, stool). Ačaṙean rejected the comparison because the older forms of the Turkic word contain an -l-: compare Chagatai اولتورمق ‎(olturmaq, to sit).

Karst connected with Sumerian [script needed] ‎(tur, triclinium).

J̌ahukyan and Olsen mark the origin as unknown, with J̌ahukyan remarking that աթոռ ‎(atʿoṙ) is a late acquisition absent from Proto-Armenian.

Noun[edit]

աթոռ ‎(atʿoṙ)

  1. chair, seat; bench; throne
    նստուցանել յաթոռ‎ ― nstucʿanel yatʿoṙ ― to make one sit on a throne or chair; to throne
    նստել յաթոռ‎ ― nstel yatʿoṙ ― to sit on a chair or throne
    աթոռս արկանել‎ ― atʿoṙs arkanel ― to give seats or chairs
    ելանել յաթոռոյ‎ ― elanel yatʿoṙoy ― to rise up, to get up
  2. a seat used in evacuating the bowels or in urinating, stool
  3. (Biblical tradition) throne (the third highest order of angel in Christian angelology, ranked above minions and below cherubim)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “աթոռ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 89ab
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աթոռ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “աթոռ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 4b
  • de Lagarde, Paul (1877) Armenische Studien[1] (in German), Göttingen: Dieterich, page 7, § 23
  • Hiwnkʿearpēyēntean, Yovhannēs (1894), “աթոռ”, in Stugabanakan baṙaran hayocʿ lezui [Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), Constantinople: Tparan G. Paɫtatlean, pages 153–154
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 300
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 264
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “աթոռ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 24b
  • Karst, Josef (1911), “Zur ethnischen Stellung der Armenier”, in Akinean, Nersēs, editor, Huschardzan. Festschrift aus Anlass des 100-jahrigen Bestandes der Mechitaristen-Kongregation in Wien (1811–1911), und des 25. Jahrganges der philosophischen Monatsschrift Handes amsorya (1887–1911) (in German), Vienna: Verl. der Mechitaristen-Kongregation, page 408
  • Marr, N. Ja. (1935) Izbrannyje raboty [Selected Works][2] (in Russian), volume V, Leningrad, Moscow: Gosudarstvennoje socialʹno-ekonomičeskoje izdatelʹstvo, pages 76, 363
  • Müller, Friedrich (1863), “Beiträge zur Lautlehre der armenischen Sprache”, in Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Classe (in German), volume 41, page 11
  • Müller, Friedrich (1894), “Pahlawi, neupersische und armenische Etymologien”, in Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes (in German), volume 8, page 280
  • Windischmann, Friedrich (1846) Über die Grundlage des Armenischen im arischen Sprachstamme (in German), München: Königlich-Bayerische Akad. der Wiss., page 12