աթոռ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

աթոռ (1)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian աթոռ (atʿoṙ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

աթոռ (atʿoṙ)

  1. chair
  2. (rare) throne

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Windischmann compared with Ancient Greek θρόνος (thrónos, seat, throne). The comparison was revived by Marr, who derived both from a “Japhetic” root in the framework of his discredited Japhetic theory.

Müller derived from Aramaic אתר (ʾtr), אתרא (ʾtrʾ, place), Classical Syriac ܐܬܪ (ʾăṯar), ܐܬܪܐ (ʾaṯrā, place), for the sense development comparing Persian گاه (gâh, throne; place). This was rejected by de Lagarde, Hübschmann and Ačaṙean, who left the origin open.

Hiwnkʿearpēyēntean derived from Turkish oturmak (to take a sit), oturak (seat, stool). Ačaṙean rejected the comparison because the older forms of the Turkic word contain an -l-: compare Chagatai اولتورمق (olturmaq, to sit).

Karst connected with Sumerian [script needed] (tur, triclinium).

J̌ahukyan and Olsen mark the origin as unknown, with J̌ahukyan remarking that աթոռ (atʿoṙ) is a late acquisition absent from Proto-Armenian.

Noun[edit]

աթոռ (atʿoṙ)

  1. chair, seat; bench; throne
    նստուցանել յաթոռnstucʿanel yatʿoṙto make one sit on a throne or chair; to throne
    նստել յաթոռnstel yatʿoṙto sit on a chair or throne
    աթոռս արկանելatʿoṙs arkanelto give seats or chairs
    ելանել յաթոռոյelanel yatʿoṙoyto rise up, to get up
  2. a seat used in evacuating the bowels or in urinating, stool
  3. (Biblical tradition) throne (the third highest order of angel in Christian angelology, ranked above minions and below cherubim)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “աթոռ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 89ab
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աթոռ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “աթոռ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 4b
  • de Lagarde, Paul (1877) Armenische Studien[1] (in German), Göttingen: Dieterich, § 23, page 7
  • Hiwnkʿearpēyēntean, Yovhannēs (1894), “աթոռ”, in Stugabanakan baṙaran hayocʿ lezui [Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), Constantinople: Tparan G. Paɫtatlean, pages 153–154
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 300
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 264
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “աթոռ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 24b
  • Karst, Josef (1911), “Zur ethnischen Stellung der Armenier”, in Akinean, Nersēs, editor, Huschardzan. Festschrift aus Anlass des 100-jahrigen Bestandes der Mechitaristen-Kongregation in Wien (1811–1911), und des 25. Jahrganges der philosophischen Monatsschrift Handes amsorya (1887–1911) (in German), Vienna: Verl. der Mechitaristen-Kongregation, page 408
  • Marr, N. Ja. (1935) Izbrannyje raboty [Selected Works][2] (in Russian), volume V, Leningrad, Moscow: Gosudarstvennoje socialʹno-ekonomičeskoje izdatelʹstvo, pages 76, 363
  • Müller, Friedrich (1863), “Beiträge zur Lautlehre der armenischen Sprache”, in Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Classe (in German), volume 41, page 11
  • Müller, Friedrich (1894), “Pahlawi, neupersische und armenische Etymologien”, in Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes (in German), volume 8, page 280
  • Windischmann, Friedrich (1846) Über die Grundlage des Armenischen im arischen Sprachstamme (in German), München: Königlich-Bayerische Akad. der Wiss., page 12